The use of the sensitive photoprotein aequorin as a Ca2+ indicator in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) not pretreated with cytochalasin B and stimulated with platelet activating factor (PAF) may help cast more light on the relative importance of intracellular and extracellular Ca2+ in PMN function. PAF elicits Ca2+ mobilization in PMN (resuspended in the presence of 1 mM extracellular Ca2+), in a concentration-dependent manner. The Ca2+ chelator ethyleneglycoltetraacetic acid (EGTA) abolishes Ca2+ mobilization, suggesting that almost all Ca2+ mobilized by PAF derives from the external medium. Aggregation and enzymatic release parallel the Ca2+ mobilization triggered by PAF. In contrast PAF appears to be only a weak stimulus of superoxide anion production (compared to the phorbol ester phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)) and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) synthesis (compared to the Ca2+ ionophore A23187). The fact that PAF elicits Ca2+ mobilization, aggregation, secretion and LTB4 generation in human PMN supports the role of this phospholipid as a powerful mediator of physiopathological events involving PMN activation.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Lipid Mediators|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|
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