Measurements of carotid intima-media thickness and of interadventitia common carotid diameter improve prediction of cardiovascular events: Results of the IMPROVE (carotid intima media thickness [IMT] and IMT-progression as predictors of vascular events in a high risk European population) study

Damiano Baldassarre, Anders Hamsten, Fabrizio Veglia, Ulf De Faire, Steve E. Humphries, Andries J. Smit, Philippe Giral, Sudhir Kurl, Rainer Rauramaa, Elmo Mannarino, Enzo Grossi, Rodolfo Paoletti, Elena Tremoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: The goal of this study was to compare the performance of several measures of carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT) as predictors of cardiovascular events (CVEs), and to investigate whether they add to the predictive accuracy of Framingham risk factors (FRFs). Background: Various markers of subclinical atherosclerosis have been identified as predictors of CVEs, but the most powerful variable is still under debate. Methods: A cohort study was carried out in 5 European countries. A total of 3,703 subjects (median age 64.4 years; 48% men) were followed-up for a median of 36.2 months, and 215 suffered a first CVE (incidence: 19.9/1,000 person-years). Results: All measures of C-IMT and the interadventitia common carotid artery diameter (ICCAD) were associated with the risk of CVEs, after adjustment for FRFs and therapies (all p <0.005). The average of 8 maximal IMT measurements (IMTmean-max) , alone or combined with ICCAD, classified events and non-events better than the common carotid mean IMT (net reclassification improvement [NRI]: +11.6% and +19.9%, respectively; both p <0.01). Compared with classification based on FRFs alone, the NRI resulting from the combination of FRFs+ICCAD+IMT mean-max was +12.1% (p <0.01). The presence of at least 1 plaque (maximum IMT >1.5 mm) performed significantly worse than composite IMTs that incorporated plaques (p <0.001). Adjusted Kaplan-Meier curves showed that individuals with a FRS = 22.6% (cohort average), and both IMTmean-max and ICCAD above the median, had a 6.5% risk to develop a CVE over 3 years versus a 3.4% risk for those with the same FRS, and both IMTmean-max and ICCAD below the median. Conclusions: A risk stratification strategy based on C-IMT and ICCAD as an adjunct to FRFs is a rational approach to prevention of cardiovascular disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1489-1499
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume60
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 16 2012

Keywords

  • cardiovascular disease
  • carotid artery intima-media thickness
  • carotid diameter
  • reclassification analyses
  • risk prediction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Measurements of carotid intima-media thickness and of interadventitia common carotid diameter improve prediction of cardiovascular events: Results of the IMPROVE (carotid intima media thickness [IMT] and IMT-progression as predictors of vascular events in a high risk European population) study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this