Measuring Anger Expression in Young Patients with Tourette Syndrome

Andrea E. Cavanna, Claudia Selvini, Chiara Luoni, Clare M. Eddy, Fizzah Ali, Rosanna Blangiardo, Emanuela Gagliardi, Umberto Balottin, Cristiano Termine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Young patients with Tourette Syndrome (TS) can exhibit poor emotional control and aggression. We explored anger in young patients with TS. Twenty-five patients diagnosed with TS and 41 healthy controls completed the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI). Parents and teachers completed the child behavior checklist and Conners Parent/Teacher Rating Scales-Revised. STAXI scores were not significantly different between patients with TS and controls. However, many proxy-rated measures linked to anger and externalizing problems were significantly higher in TS. As proxy-rated instruments revealed more oppositional and aggressive behaviors in young patients with TS, they are important in the multidimensional assessment of TS. These findings offer useful insights into the nature of anger symptoms in young patients with TS and provide a basis for more effective diagnosis and management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)264-274
Number of pages11
JournalChildren's Health Care
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 3 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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