Measuring fixation disparity with infrared eye-trackers

Maria De Luca, Donatella Spinelli, Pierluigi Zoccolotti, Fabrizio Zeri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Fixation disparity, that is, misalignment of the gaze direction of both eyes, may be observed in static conditions (through standard optometric evaluation) and dynamic conditions (through eye movement recording). A computation method is presented to determine vergence angles and fixation disparity from gaze positions as commonly recorded by infrared eye-trackers when a participant looks at a personal computer (PC) screen. Eye-tracking devices provide gaze position in coordinates relative to the bidimensional screen surface. From these data, vergence angles can be calculated by trigonometric triangulations; fixation disparity is then calculated from the vergence angles. The application of the procedure to the recordings of one participant is described. To control for the effective alignment of the two eyes on the target during binocular calibration, a procedure based on the dichoptic presentation of nonius lines was used. The recordings confirm that computation and the dichoptic calibration procedures ensure reliable measures of vergence and fixation disparity. The usefulness of this approach with infrared recording of eye position is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014013
JournalJournal of Biomedical Optics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • binocular eye-tracking
  • fixation disparity
  • vergence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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