Measuring physical activity with activity monitors in patients with heart failure: from literature to practice. A position paper from the Committee on Exercise Physiology and Training of the Heart Failure Association of the European Society of Cardiology

Leonie Klompstra, Martha Kyriakou, Ekaterini Lambrinou, Massimo F. Piepoli, Andrew J.S. Coats, Alain Cohen-Solal, Justien Cornelis, Barnabas Gellen, Elena Marques-Sule, David Niederseer, Francesco Orso, Ewa Piotrowicz, Emeline M. Van Craenenbroeck, Maria Simonenko, Klaus K. Witte, Anna Wozniak, Maurizio Volterrani, Tiny Jaarsma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aims of this paper were to provide an overview of available activity monitors used in research in patients with heart failure and to identify the key criteria in the selection of the most appropriate activity monitor for collecting, reporting, and analysing physical activity in heart failure research. This study was conducted in three parts. First, the literature was systematically reviewed to identify physical activity concepts and activity monitors used in heart failure research. Second, an additional scoping literature search for validation of these activity monitors was conducted. Third, the most appropriate criteria in the selection of activity monitors were identified. Nine activity monitors were evaluated in terms of size, weight, placement, costs, data storage, water resistance, outcomes and validation, and cut-off points for physical activity intensity levels were discussed. The choice of a monitor should depend on the research aims, study population and design regarding physical activity. If the aim is to motivate patients to be active or set goals, a less rigorously tested tool can be considered. On the other hand, if the aim is to measure physical activity and its changes over time or following treatment adjustment, it is important to choose a valid activity monitor with a storage and battery longevity of at least one week. The device should provide raw data and valid cut-off points should be chosen for analysing physical activity intensity levels. Other considerations in choosing an activity monitor should include data storage location and ownership and the upfront costs of the device.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Heart Failure
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Accelerometer
  • Activity monitor
  • Heart failure
  • Motion sensor
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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