Measuring the T-cell down-regulation of TCR-zeta, ZAP-70 and CD28 in arthritis patients: An old tool for new biomarkers: European Journal of Immunology

G Zizzo, M De Santis, S Bosello, B Tolusso, S Alivernini, G De Luca, E Gremese, G Ferraccioli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Low T-cell receptor (TCR)/CD28 signaling lymphocytes are expanded in arthritis. We asked whether the down-expression of TCR-related molecules correlates with specific arthritis characteristics and if it has clinical implications. TCR-ZETA, ZAP-70 and CD28 expression was measured by flow cytometry in synovial fluid (SF) and peripheral blood (PB)-derived T cells. In PB, ZETA-downregulation in CD4+CD28+ and consequent CD4+CD28lowZETAlow cell expansion correlate with CRP elevation, leukocyte recruitment into SF and, primarily, disease activity (DAS). In some patients, ZETA-downregulation extends to CD8+CD28null and/or CD8+CD28+ cells, and this correlates with enhanced leukocyte recruitment, multiple joint involvement, and disability index (HAQ). ZETA-downregulation in CD4+CD28+ may also lead to CD4+CD28+ZETAnull cell expansion, which strongly correlates with HAQ. In SF, ZETA-downregulation in CD8+CD28null and consequent CD8+CD28nullZETAlow/null cell expansion correlate with CRP elevation and neutrophilic influx into SF, whereas ZAP-downregulation in CD8+CD28+ and consequent CD8+CD28lowZAPlow cell expansion strongly correlate with HAQ and DAS. ZETA-downregulation is preponderant in SF of seronegative arthritides, with seronegative rheumatoid arthritis showing significant down-regulation in CD8+CD28null, and non-rheumatoid arthritides showing significant down-regulation in CD4+CD28+. Altogether, we identified new molecular and cellular biomarkers of arthritis-related T-cell inflammation, useful for assessing arthritis activity, predicting polyarticular progression and functional impairment, characterizing seronegative arthritides, and possibly tailoring immunotherapies. © 2019 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2195-2203
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Volume49
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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