Meat consumption and prospective weight change in participants of the EPIC-PANACEA study

Anne Claire Vergnaud, Teresa Norat, Dora Romaguera, Traci Mouw, Anne M. May, Noemie Travier, Jian'an Luan, Nick Wareham, Nadia Slimani, Sabina Rinaldi, Elisabeth Couto, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Marie Christine Boutron-Ruault, Vanessa Cottet, Domenico Palli, Claudia Agnoli, Salvatore Panico, Rosario Tumino, Paolo Vineis, Antonio AgudoLaudina Rodriguez, Maria Jose Sanchez, Pilar Amiano, Aurelio Barricarte, Jose Maria Huerta, Timothy J. Key, Elisabeth A. Spencer, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Frederike L. Büchner, Philippos Orfanos, Androniki Naska, Antonia Trichopoulou, Sabine Rohrmann, Silke Hermann, Heiner Boeing, Brian Buijsse, Ingegerd Johansson, Veronica Hellstrom, Jonas Manjer, Elisabet Wirfält, Marianne Uhre Jakobsen, Kim Overvad, Anne Tjonneland, Jytte Halkjaer, Eiliv Lund, Tonje Braaten, Dagrun Engeset, Andreani Odysseos, Elio Riboli, Petra H M Peeters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

107 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Meat intake may be related to weight gain because of its high energy and fat content. Some observational studies have shown that meat consumption is positively associated with weight gain, but intervention studies have shown mixed results. Objective: Our objective was to assess the association between consumption of total meat, red meat, poultry, and processed meat and weight gain after 5 y of follow-up, on average, in the large European population who participated in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Physical Activity, Nutrition, Alcohol, Cessation of Smoking, Eating Out of Home and Obesity (EPIC-PANACEA) project. Design: A total of 103,455 men and 270,348 women aged 25-70 y were recruited between 1992 and 2000 in 10 European countries. Diet was assessed at baseline with the use of country-specific validated questionnaires. A dietary calibration study was conducted in a representative subsample of the cohort. Weight and height were measured at baseline and self-reported at follow-up in most centers. Associations between energy from meat (kcal/d) and annual weight change (g/y) were assessed with the use of linear mixed models, controlled for age, sex, total energy intake, physical activity, dietary patterns, and other potential confounders. Results: Total meat consumption was positively associated with weight gain in men and women, in normal-weight and overweight subjects, and in smokers and nonsmokers. With adjustment for estimated energy intake, an increase in meat intake of 250 g/d (eg, one steak at ≈450 kcal) would lead to a 2-kg higher weight gain after 5 y (95% CI: 1.5, 2.7 kg). Positive associations were observed for red meat, poultry, and processed meat. Conclusion: Our results suggest that a decrease in meat consumption may improve weight management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)398-407
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume92
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2010

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Meat
Weights and Measures
Weight Gain
Poultry
Energy Intake
Exercise
Smoking Cessation
Calibration
Observational Studies
Linear Models
Obesity
Eating
Fats
Alcohols
Diet
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Vergnaud, A. C., Norat, T., Romaguera, D., Mouw, T., May, A. M., Travier, N., ... Peeters, P. H. M. (2010). Meat consumption and prospective weight change in participants of the EPIC-PANACEA study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 92(2), 398-407. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.2009.28713

Meat consumption and prospective weight change in participants of the EPIC-PANACEA study. / Vergnaud, Anne Claire; Norat, Teresa; Romaguera, Dora; Mouw, Traci; May, Anne M.; Travier, Noemie; Luan, Jian'an; Wareham, Nick; Slimani, Nadia; Rinaldi, Sabina; Couto, Elisabeth; Clavel-Chapelon, Françoise; Boutron-Ruault, Marie Christine; Cottet, Vanessa; Palli, Domenico; Agnoli, Claudia; Panico, Salvatore; Tumino, Rosario; Vineis, Paolo; Agudo, Antonio; Rodriguez, Laudina; Sanchez, Maria Jose; Amiano, Pilar; Barricarte, Aurelio; Huerta, Jose Maria; Key, Timothy J.; Spencer, Elisabeth A.; Bueno-de-Mesquita, Bas; Büchner, Frederike L.; Orfanos, Philippos; Naska, Androniki; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Rohrmann, Sabine; Hermann, Silke; Boeing, Heiner; Buijsse, Brian; Johansson, Ingegerd; Hellstrom, Veronica; Manjer, Jonas; Wirfält, Elisabet; Jakobsen, Marianne Uhre; Overvad, Kim; Tjonneland, Anne; Halkjaer, Jytte; Lund, Eiliv; Braaten, Tonje; Engeset, Dagrun; Odysseos, Andreani; Riboli, Elio; Peeters, Petra H M.

In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 92, No. 2, 01.08.2010, p. 398-407.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vergnaud, AC, Norat, T, Romaguera, D, Mouw, T, May, AM, Travier, N, Luan, J, Wareham, N, Slimani, N, Rinaldi, S, Couto, E, Clavel-Chapelon, F, Boutron-Ruault, MC, Cottet, V, Palli, D, Agnoli, C, Panico, S, Tumino, R, Vineis, P, Agudo, A, Rodriguez, L, Sanchez, MJ, Amiano, P, Barricarte, A, Huerta, JM, Key, TJ, Spencer, EA, Bueno-de-Mesquita, B, Büchner, FL, Orfanos, P, Naska, A, Trichopoulou, A, Rohrmann, S, Hermann, S, Boeing, H, Buijsse, B, Johansson, I, Hellstrom, V, Manjer, J, Wirfält, E, Jakobsen, MU, Overvad, K, Tjonneland, A, Halkjaer, J, Lund, E, Braaten, T, Engeset, D, Odysseos, A, Riboli, E & Peeters, PHM 2010, 'Meat consumption and prospective weight change in participants of the EPIC-PANACEA study', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 92, no. 2, pp. 398-407. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.2009.28713
Vergnaud, Anne Claire ; Norat, Teresa ; Romaguera, Dora ; Mouw, Traci ; May, Anne M. ; Travier, Noemie ; Luan, Jian'an ; Wareham, Nick ; Slimani, Nadia ; Rinaldi, Sabina ; Couto, Elisabeth ; Clavel-Chapelon, Françoise ; Boutron-Ruault, Marie Christine ; Cottet, Vanessa ; Palli, Domenico ; Agnoli, Claudia ; Panico, Salvatore ; Tumino, Rosario ; Vineis, Paolo ; Agudo, Antonio ; Rodriguez, Laudina ; Sanchez, Maria Jose ; Amiano, Pilar ; Barricarte, Aurelio ; Huerta, Jose Maria ; Key, Timothy J. ; Spencer, Elisabeth A. ; Bueno-de-Mesquita, Bas ; Büchner, Frederike L. ; Orfanos, Philippos ; Naska, Androniki ; Trichopoulou, Antonia ; Rohrmann, Sabine ; Hermann, Silke ; Boeing, Heiner ; Buijsse, Brian ; Johansson, Ingegerd ; Hellstrom, Veronica ; Manjer, Jonas ; Wirfält, Elisabet ; Jakobsen, Marianne Uhre ; Overvad, Kim ; Tjonneland, Anne ; Halkjaer, Jytte ; Lund, Eiliv ; Braaten, Tonje ; Engeset, Dagrun ; Odysseos, Andreani ; Riboli, Elio ; Peeters, Petra H M. / Meat consumption and prospective weight change in participants of the EPIC-PANACEA study. In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2010 ; Vol. 92, No. 2. pp. 398-407.
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abstract = "Background: Meat intake may be related to weight gain because of its high energy and fat content. Some observational studies have shown that meat consumption is positively associated with weight gain, but intervention studies have shown mixed results. Objective: Our objective was to assess the association between consumption of total meat, red meat, poultry, and processed meat and weight gain after 5 y of follow-up, on average, in the large European population who participated in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Physical Activity, Nutrition, Alcohol, Cessation of Smoking, Eating Out of Home and Obesity (EPIC-PANACEA) project. Design: A total of 103,455 men and 270,348 women aged 25-70 y were recruited between 1992 and 2000 in 10 European countries. Diet was assessed at baseline with the use of country-specific validated questionnaires. A dietary calibration study was conducted in a representative subsample of the cohort. Weight and height were measured at baseline and self-reported at follow-up in most centers. Associations between energy from meat (kcal/d) and annual weight change (g/y) were assessed with the use of linear mixed models, controlled for age, sex, total energy intake, physical activity, dietary patterns, and other potential confounders. Results: Total meat consumption was positively associated with weight gain in men and women, in normal-weight and overweight subjects, and in smokers and nonsmokers. With adjustment for estimated energy intake, an increase in meat intake of 250 g/d (eg, one steak at ≈450 kcal) would lead to a 2-kg higher weight gain after 5 y (95{\%} CI: 1.5, 2.7 kg). Positive associations were observed for red meat, poultry, and processed meat. Conclusion: Our results suggest that a decrease in meat consumption may improve weight management.",
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T1 - Meat consumption and prospective weight change in participants of the EPIC-PANACEA study

AU - Vergnaud, Anne Claire

AU - Norat, Teresa

AU - Romaguera, Dora

AU - Mouw, Traci

AU - May, Anne M.

AU - Travier, Noemie

AU - Luan, Jian'an

AU - Wareham, Nick

AU - Slimani, Nadia

AU - Rinaldi, Sabina

AU - Couto, Elisabeth

AU - Clavel-Chapelon, Françoise

AU - Boutron-Ruault, Marie Christine

AU - Cottet, Vanessa

AU - Palli, Domenico

AU - Agnoli, Claudia

AU - Panico, Salvatore

AU - Tumino, Rosario

AU - Vineis, Paolo

AU - Agudo, Antonio

AU - Rodriguez, Laudina

AU - Sanchez, Maria Jose

AU - Amiano, Pilar

AU - Barricarte, Aurelio

AU - Huerta, Jose Maria

AU - Key, Timothy J.

AU - Spencer, Elisabeth A.

AU - Bueno-de-Mesquita, Bas

AU - Büchner, Frederike L.

AU - Orfanos, Philippos

AU - Naska, Androniki

AU - Trichopoulou, Antonia

AU - Rohrmann, Sabine

AU - Hermann, Silke

AU - Boeing, Heiner

AU - Buijsse, Brian

AU - Johansson, Ingegerd

AU - Hellstrom, Veronica

AU - Manjer, Jonas

AU - Wirfält, Elisabet

AU - Jakobsen, Marianne Uhre

AU - Overvad, Kim

AU - Tjonneland, Anne

AU - Halkjaer, Jytte

AU - Lund, Eiliv

AU - Braaten, Tonje

AU - Engeset, Dagrun

AU - Odysseos, Andreani

AU - Riboli, Elio

AU - Peeters, Petra H M

PY - 2010/8/1

Y1 - 2010/8/1

N2 - Background: Meat intake may be related to weight gain because of its high energy and fat content. Some observational studies have shown that meat consumption is positively associated with weight gain, but intervention studies have shown mixed results. Objective: Our objective was to assess the association between consumption of total meat, red meat, poultry, and processed meat and weight gain after 5 y of follow-up, on average, in the large European population who participated in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Physical Activity, Nutrition, Alcohol, Cessation of Smoking, Eating Out of Home and Obesity (EPIC-PANACEA) project. Design: A total of 103,455 men and 270,348 women aged 25-70 y were recruited between 1992 and 2000 in 10 European countries. Diet was assessed at baseline with the use of country-specific validated questionnaires. A dietary calibration study was conducted in a representative subsample of the cohort. Weight and height were measured at baseline and self-reported at follow-up in most centers. Associations between energy from meat (kcal/d) and annual weight change (g/y) were assessed with the use of linear mixed models, controlled for age, sex, total energy intake, physical activity, dietary patterns, and other potential confounders. Results: Total meat consumption was positively associated with weight gain in men and women, in normal-weight and overweight subjects, and in smokers and nonsmokers. With adjustment for estimated energy intake, an increase in meat intake of 250 g/d (eg, one steak at ≈450 kcal) would lead to a 2-kg higher weight gain after 5 y (95% CI: 1.5, 2.7 kg). Positive associations were observed for red meat, poultry, and processed meat. Conclusion: Our results suggest that a decrease in meat consumption may improve weight management.

AB - Background: Meat intake may be related to weight gain because of its high energy and fat content. Some observational studies have shown that meat consumption is positively associated with weight gain, but intervention studies have shown mixed results. Objective: Our objective was to assess the association between consumption of total meat, red meat, poultry, and processed meat and weight gain after 5 y of follow-up, on average, in the large European population who participated in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Physical Activity, Nutrition, Alcohol, Cessation of Smoking, Eating Out of Home and Obesity (EPIC-PANACEA) project. Design: A total of 103,455 men and 270,348 women aged 25-70 y were recruited between 1992 and 2000 in 10 European countries. Diet was assessed at baseline with the use of country-specific validated questionnaires. A dietary calibration study was conducted in a representative subsample of the cohort. Weight and height were measured at baseline and self-reported at follow-up in most centers. Associations between energy from meat (kcal/d) and annual weight change (g/y) were assessed with the use of linear mixed models, controlled for age, sex, total energy intake, physical activity, dietary patterns, and other potential confounders. Results: Total meat consumption was positively associated with weight gain in men and women, in normal-weight and overweight subjects, and in smokers and nonsmokers. With adjustment for estimated energy intake, an increase in meat intake of 250 g/d (eg, one steak at ≈450 kcal) would lead to a 2-kg higher weight gain after 5 y (95% CI: 1.5, 2.7 kg). Positive associations were observed for red meat, poultry, and processed meat. Conclusion: Our results suggest that a decrease in meat consumption may improve weight management.

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