Mechanical properties of growing melanocytic nevi and the progression to melanoma

Alessandro Taloni, Alexander A. Alemi, Emilio Ciusani, James P. Sethna, Stefano Zapperi, Caterina A M La Porta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Melanocytic nevi are benign proliferations that sometimes turn into malignant melanoma in a way that is still unclear from the biochemical and genetic point of view. Diagnostic and prognostic tools are then mostly based on dermoscopic examination and morphological analysis of histological tissues. To investigate the role of mechanics and geometry in the morpholgical dynamics of melanocytic nevi, we study a computation model for cell proliferation in a layered non-linear elastic tissue. Numerical simulations suggest that the morphology of the nevus is correlated to the initial location of the proliferating cell starting the growth process and to the mechanical properties of the tissue. Our results also support that melanocytes are subject to compressive stresses that fluctuate widely in the nevus and depend on the growth stage. Numerical simulations of cells in the epidermis releasing matrix metalloproteinases display an accelerated invasion of the dermis by destroying the basal membrane. Moreover, we suggest experimentally that osmotic stress and collagen inhibit growth in primary melanoma cells while the effect is much weaker in metastatic cells. Knowing that morphological features of nevi might also reflect geometry and mechanics rather than malignancy could be relevant for diagnostic purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere94229
JournalPLoS One
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 7 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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    Taloni, A., Alemi, A. A., Ciusani, E., Sethna, J. P., Zapperi, S., & La Porta, C. A. M. (2014). Mechanical properties of growing melanocytic nevi and the progression to melanoma. PLoS One, 9(4), [e94229]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094229