Probucol treatment results in a significant reduction of plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels. Since the remodeling of HDL within the plasma compartment is a crucial determinant of HDL levels, the activities of several factors participating in the process, ie, lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT), cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP), and lipoprotein and hepatic lipases (LPL, HL), were evaluated in 15 hypercholesterolemic patients treated with probucol (1 g/d) for 8 weeks. Drug treatment was associated with significant reductions of HDL cholesterol ([HDL-C] -32%), HDL2-C (-65%), HDL3-C (-22%), apolipoprotein (apo) A-I (-27%), and apo A-II (-11%) levels and with the accumulation of small HDL in plasma. CETP activity increased by 48%, with minor changes in LCAT (-7%), LPL (+4%), and HL (-7%) activities. By linear regression analysis, CETP activity correlated inversely with HDL-C, HDL2-C, and apo A-I levels (r = -.63, -.52, and -.73, respectively) and with HDL particle size. In multivariate analysis, CETP activity was the strongest predictor of HDL-C levels, apo A-I levels, and HDL particle size. The hypothetical mechanism of probucol is a stimulation of CETP activity, resulting in the formation of triglyceride (TG)-enriched HDL. These are acted on by HL, leading to the accumulation of small HDL in plasma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism