MECP2 duplication phenotype in symptomatic females: Report of three further cases

Francesca Novara, Alessandro Simonati, Federico Sicca, Roberta Battini, Simona Fiori, Annarita Contaldo, Lucia Criscuolo, Orsetta Zuffardi, Roberto Ciccone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Xq28 duplications, including MECP2 (methyl CpG-binding protein 2; OMIM 300005), have been identified in approximately 140 male patients presenting with hypotonia, severe developmental delay/intellectual disability, limited or absent speech and ambulation, and recurrent respiratory infections. Female patients with Xq28 duplication have been rarely reported and are usually asymptomatic. Altogether, only fifteen symptomatic females with Xq28 duplications including MECP2 have been reported so far: six of them had interstitial duplications while the remaining had a duplication due to an unbalanced X;autosome translocation. Some of these females present with unspecific mild to moderate intellectual disability whereas a more complex phenotype is reported for females with unbalanced X;autosome translocations. Findings. Here we report on the clinical features of three other adolescent to adult female patients with Xq28 interstitial duplications of variable size, all including MECP2 gene. Conclusions: Mild to moderate cognitive impairment together with learning difficulties and speech delay were evident in each of our patients. Moreover, early inadequate behavioral patterns followed by persistent difficulties in the social and communication domains, as well as the occurrence of mild psychiatric disturbances, are common features of these three patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10
JournalMolecular Cytogenetics
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 28 2014

Keywords

  • MECP2
  • X chromosome inactivation
  • Xq28 duplication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Biochemistry, medical

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