Medical management of acute non-specific low back pain: comparison of different medical treatments, one center's retrospective analysis

A Perna, L Ricciardi, G Barone, F C Tamburrelli, L Proietti, E Pola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Within the developed countries, low back pain and related ailments represent one of the most relevant conditions, affecting both health and socio-economic systems. Non-specific acute low back pain (nsALBP) could represent either an isolated event or the presenting symptom of an underlying condition. Its management is usually medical and radiological investigations should be avoided. However, a general agreement on the best pharmacological treatment is still missing. In the present study, we retrospectively collected patients' data from the institutional database. Two different medical treatments were recognized and groups consequently set. Outcomes were the clinical status, measured using the visual analogue scale (VAS) score for back pain, the use rate of rescue drugs, side effects related to medical treatment, compliance to the treatment, and global satisfaction. The pharma blending of Tramadol 75 mg and Dexketoprofen 25 mg (available blended in a single tablet), resulted effective in the nsALBP management, with less side effects and rescue-drug use along with a higher compliance. Furthermore, patient satisfaction in this treatment group was significatively higher. Many different medical treatments have been investigated and reported in nsALBP management during the last decades. Associations of different drugs are the most common protocols, even though there is no general agreement. Tramadol and Dexketoprofen provide a good clinical result, fewer side effects and a long-lasting and more effective painkiller action, reducing the use of rescue drugs. Moreover, our results suggest that a single tab may provide a higher compliance rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-129
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Volume32
Issue number6 Suppl. 1
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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