MEDical wards Invasive Candidiasis ALgorithms (MEDICAL): Consensus proposal for management

Luigia Scudeller, Matteo Bassetti, E. Concia, S. Corrao, Francesco Cristini, F. G. De Rosa, Valerio Del Bono, E. Durante-Mangoni, M. Falcone, Francesco Menichetti, Carlo Tascini, Mario Tumbarello, M. Venditti, P. Viale, Claudio Viscoli, A. Mazzone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Introduction A majority of invasive Candida infections occur in medical wards; however, evidence for management in this setting is scarce and based primarily on the intensive care or surgical setting. On behalf of the Italian Society for Anti-Infective Therapy (SITA) and the Italian Federation of Associations of Hospital Doctors on Internal Medicine (FADOI), the MEDICAL group produced practical management algorithms for patients in internal medicine wards. Methods The MEDICAL group panel, composed of 30 members from internal medicine, infectious disease, clinical pharmacology, clinical microbiology and clinical epidemiology, provided expert opinion through the RAND/UCLA method. Results Seven clinical scenarios were constructed based on clinical severity and probability of invasive candidiasis. For each scenario, the appropriateness of 63 different diagnostic, imaging, management, or therapeutic procedures was determined in two Delphi rounds. The necessity for performing each appropriate procedure, was then determined in a third Delphi round. Results were summarized in algorithms. Discussion The proposed algorithms provide internal medicine physicians and managers with an easy to interpret tool that is exhaustive, clear and suitable for adaption to individual local settings. Attention was paid to individual patient management and resource allocation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-53
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Internal Medicine
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2016


  • Clinical severity
  • Invasive candidiasis
  • Medical wards
  • Risk stratification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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    Scudeller, L., Bassetti, M., Concia, E., Corrao, S., Cristini, F., De Rosa, F. G., Del Bono, V., Durante-Mangoni, E., Falcone, M., Menichetti, F., Tascini, C., Tumbarello, M., Venditti, M., Viale, P., Viscoli, C., & Mazzone, A. (2016). MEDical wards Invasive Candidiasis ALgorithms (MEDICAL): Consensus proposal for management. European Journal of Internal Medicine, 34, 45-53.