Mediterranean diet and health: Food effects on gut microbiota and disease control

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Mediterranean diet (MD) is considered one of the healthiest dietary models. Many of the characteristic components of the MD have functional features with positive effects on health and wellness. The MD adherence, calculated through various computational scores, can lead to a reduction of the incidence of major diseases (e.g., cancers, metabolic and cardiovascular syndromes, neurodegenerative diseases, type 2 diabetes and allergy). Furthermore, eating habits are the main significant determinants of the microbial multiplicity of the gut, and dietary components influence both microbial populations and their metabolic activities from the early stages of life. For this purpose, we present a study proposal relying on the generation of individual gut microbiota maps from MD-aware children/adolescents. The maps, based on meta-omics approaches, may be considered as new tools, acting as a systems biology-based proof of evidence to evaluate MD effects on gut microbiota homeostasis. Data integration of food metabotypes and gut microbiota "enterotypes" may allow one to interpret MD adherence and its effects on health in a new way, employable for the design of targeted diets and nutraceutical interventions in childcare and clinical management of food-related diseases, whose onset has been significantly shifted early in life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11678-11699
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume15
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2014

Keywords

  • Food-related diseases
  • Gut microbiota
  • Mediterranean diet (MD)
  • Mediterranean diet patterns (MDP)
  • Nutritional algorithms
  • Translational approaches
  • Wellness therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Medicine(all)

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