Mediterranean diet impact on cardiovascular diseases: A narrative review

Anna V. Mattioli, Pasquale Palmiero, Olivia Manfrini, Paolo E. Puddu, Savina Nodari, Alessandra Dei Cas, Giuseppe Mercuro, Domenico Scrutinio, Pietro Palermo, Susanna Sciomer, Simona Di Francesco, Giuseppina Novo, Salvatore Novo, Roberto F.E. Pedretti, Annapaola Zito, Gianfranco Parati, Roberto Pedrinelli, Alberto Farinetti, Maria Maiello, Federica MoscucciRaffaele L. Tenaglia, Vincenzo Sucato, Marco Triggiani, Lucia Cugusi, Pietro Scicchitano, Pier S. Saba, Marco M. Ciccone

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for more than 17 million deaths per year worldwide. It has been estimated that the influence of lifestyle on CVD mortality amounts to 13.7% for smoking, 13.2% for poor diet, and 12% for inactive lifestyle. These results deeply impact both the healthy status of individuals and their skills in working. The impact of CVD on productivity loss accounts for the 24% in total costs for CVD management. Mediterranean diet (MedD) can positively impact on natural history of CVD. It is characterized by a relatively high consumption of inexpensive and genuine food such as cereals, vegetables, legumes, nuts, fish, fresh fruits, and olive oil as the principal source of fat, low meat consumption and low-to-moderate consumption of milk, dairy products, and wine. Its effects on cardiovascular health are related to the significant improvements in arterial stiffness. Peripheral artery disease, coronary artery disease, and chronic heart failure are all positively influenced by the MedD. Furthermore, MedD lowers the risk of sudden cardiac death due to arrhythmias. The present narrative review aims to analyze the effects of MedD on CVD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)925-935
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Volume18
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2017

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Keywords

  • cardiovascular diseases
  • lifestyle
  • Mediterranean diet
  • preventive cardiology
  • vascular diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Mattioli, A. V., Palmiero, P., Manfrini, O., Puddu, P. E., Nodari, S., Dei Cas, A., Mercuro, G., Scrutinio, D., Palermo, P., Sciomer, S., Di Francesco, S., Novo, G., Novo, S., Pedretti, R. F. E., Zito, A., Parati, G., Pedrinelli, R., Farinetti, A., Maiello, M., ... Ciccone, M. M. (2017). Mediterranean diet impact on cardiovascular diseases: A narrative review. Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine, 18(12), 925-935. https://doi.org/10.2459/JCM.0000000000000573