Mediterranean diet in relation to body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio

Marta Rossi, Eva Negri, Cristina Bosetti, Luigino Dal Maso, Renato Talamini, Attilio Giacosa, Maurizio Montella, Silvia Franceschi, Carlo La Vecchia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The Mediterranean diet is rich in fat and starch, and hence may be related to overweight. We therefore investigated the relationship between adherence to a Mediterranean diet and body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR). Design and setting: Data were obtained from the control group of a network of case-control studies on cancer conducted in major teaching and general hospitals in four Italian areas between 1991 and 2002. An interviewer-administered validated 78-item food-frequency questionnaire was used to obtain information on the subjects' habitual diet. Information on socio-economic factors, lifestyle habits and anthropometric measures was also collected. A Mediterranean diet score (MDS) was derived on the basis of eight characteristics of the Mediterranean diet. Subjects: Subjects were 6619 patients (3090 men, 3529 women) admitted to hospital for a wide spectrum of acute, non-neoplastic conditions, unrelated to known risk factors for cancer and long-term modifications of diet. Results: In multiple linear regression models adjusted for age, study centre, education, tobacco smoking, occupational physical activity and total energy intake, the MDS was not related to BMI (β = 0.05 for men and -0.04 for women) or WHR (β = 0.000 and 0.001, respectively) in both sexes. Conclusions: Adherence to the major characteristics of the Mediterranean diet is unrelated to BMI and WHR, confirming previous data from Greece and Spain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-217
Number of pages4
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2008

Fingerprint

Mediterranean Diet
waist-to-hip ratio
Mediterranean diet
Waist-Hip Ratio
body mass index
Body Mass Index
Linear Models
Diet Therapy
neoplasms
smoking (habit)
socioeconomic factors
Greece
food frequency questionnaires
case-control studies
Energy Intake
Teaching Hospitals
diet
General Hospitals
physical activity
Starch

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Italy
  • Mediterranean diet
  • Obesity
  • Overweight
  • Waist-to-hip ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Food Science

Cite this

Mediterranean diet in relation to body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio. / Rossi, Marta; Negri, Eva; Bosetti, Cristina; Dal Maso, Luigino; Talamini, Renato; Giacosa, Attilio; Montella, Maurizio; Franceschi, Silvia; La Vecchia, Carlo.

In: Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 11, No. 2, 02.2008, p. 214-217.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rossi, M, Negri, E, Bosetti, C, Dal Maso, L, Talamini, R, Giacosa, A, Montella, M, Franceschi, S & La Vecchia, C 2008, 'Mediterranean diet in relation to body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio', Public Health Nutrition, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 214-217. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980007000833
Rossi, Marta ; Negri, Eva ; Bosetti, Cristina ; Dal Maso, Luigino ; Talamini, Renato ; Giacosa, Attilio ; Montella, Maurizio ; Franceschi, Silvia ; La Vecchia, Carlo. / Mediterranean diet in relation to body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio. In: Public Health Nutrition. 2008 ; Vol. 11, No. 2. pp. 214-217.
@article{eb890b5e0f4b4d9aa13eafe2db21bcf1,
title = "Mediterranean diet in relation to body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio",
abstract = "Objective: The Mediterranean diet is rich in fat and starch, and hence may be related to overweight. We therefore investigated the relationship between adherence to a Mediterranean diet and body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR). Design and setting: Data were obtained from the control group of a network of case-control studies on cancer conducted in major teaching and general hospitals in four Italian areas between 1991 and 2002. An interviewer-administered validated 78-item food-frequency questionnaire was used to obtain information on the subjects' habitual diet. Information on socio-economic factors, lifestyle habits and anthropometric measures was also collected. A Mediterranean diet score (MDS) was derived on the basis of eight characteristics of the Mediterranean diet. Subjects: Subjects were 6619 patients (3090 men, 3529 women) admitted to hospital for a wide spectrum of acute, non-neoplastic conditions, unrelated to known risk factors for cancer and long-term modifications of diet. Results: In multiple linear regression models adjusted for age, study centre, education, tobacco smoking, occupational physical activity and total energy intake, the MDS was not related to BMI (β = 0.05 for men and -0.04 for women) or WHR (β = 0.000 and 0.001, respectively) in both sexes. Conclusions: Adherence to the major characteristics of the Mediterranean diet is unrelated to BMI and WHR, confirming previous data from Greece and Spain.",
keywords = "Body mass index, Italy, Mediterranean diet, Obesity, Overweight, Waist-to-hip ratio",
author = "Marta Rossi and Eva Negri and Cristina Bosetti and {Dal Maso}, Luigino and Renato Talamini and Attilio Giacosa and Maurizio Montella and Silvia Franceschi and {La Vecchia}, Carlo",
year = "2008",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1017/S1368980007000833",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "214--217",
journal = "Public Health Nutrition",
issn = "1368-9800",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mediterranean diet in relation to body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio

AU - Rossi, Marta

AU - Negri, Eva

AU - Bosetti, Cristina

AU - Dal Maso, Luigino

AU - Talamini, Renato

AU - Giacosa, Attilio

AU - Montella, Maurizio

AU - Franceschi, Silvia

AU - La Vecchia, Carlo

PY - 2008/2

Y1 - 2008/2

N2 - Objective: The Mediterranean diet is rich in fat and starch, and hence may be related to overweight. We therefore investigated the relationship between adherence to a Mediterranean diet and body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR). Design and setting: Data were obtained from the control group of a network of case-control studies on cancer conducted in major teaching and general hospitals in four Italian areas between 1991 and 2002. An interviewer-administered validated 78-item food-frequency questionnaire was used to obtain information on the subjects' habitual diet. Information on socio-economic factors, lifestyle habits and anthropometric measures was also collected. A Mediterranean diet score (MDS) was derived on the basis of eight characteristics of the Mediterranean diet. Subjects: Subjects were 6619 patients (3090 men, 3529 women) admitted to hospital for a wide spectrum of acute, non-neoplastic conditions, unrelated to known risk factors for cancer and long-term modifications of diet. Results: In multiple linear regression models adjusted for age, study centre, education, tobacco smoking, occupational physical activity and total energy intake, the MDS was not related to BMI (β = 0.05 for men and -0.04 for women) or WHR (β = 0.000 and 0.001, respectively) in both sexes. Conclusions: Adherence to the major characteristics of the Mediterranean diet is unrelated to BMI and WHR, confirming previous data from Greece and Spain.

AB - Objective: The Mediterranean diet is rich in fat and starch, and hence may be related to overweight. We therefore investigated the relationship between adherence to a Mediterranean diet and body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR). Design and setting: Data were obtained from the control group of a network of case-control studies on cancer conducted in major teaching and general hospitals in four Italian areas between 1991 and 2002. An interviewer-administered validated 78-item food-frequency questionnaire was used to obtain information on the subjects' habitual diet. Information on socio-economic factors, lifestyle habits and anthropometric measures was also collected. A Mediterranean diet score (MDS) was derived on the basis of eight characteristics of the Mediterranean diet. Subjects: Subjects were 6619 patients (3090 men, 3529 women) admitted to hospital for a wide spectrum of acute, non-neoplastic conditions, unrelated to known risk factors for cancer and long-term modifications of diet. Results: In multiple linear regression models adjusted for age, study centre, education, tobacco smoking, occupational physical activity and total energy intake, the MDS was not related to BMI (β = 0.05 for men and -0.04 for women) or WHR (β = 0.000 and 0.001, respectively) in both sexes. Conclusions: Adherence to the major characteristics of the Mediterranean diet is unrelated to BMI and WHR, confirming previous data from Greece and Spain.

KW - Body mass index

KW - Italy

KW - Mediterranean diet

KW - Obesity

KW - Overweight

KW - Waist-to-hip ratio

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=38149075379&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=38149075379&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S1368980007000833

DO - 10.1017/S1368980007000833

M3 - Article

C2 - 17686205

AN - SCOPUS:38149075379

VL - 11

SP - 214

EP - 217

JO - Public Health Nutrition

JF - Public Health Nutrition

SN - 1368-9800

IS - 2

ER -