Mediterranean spotted fever and hearing impairment: A rare complication

Raffaella Rossio, Valeria Conalbi, Valentina Castagna, Sebastiano Recalcati, Adriana Torri, Massimo Coen, Lucia Restano Cassulini, Flora Peyvandi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF) is caused by Rickettsia conorii and transmitted by the brown dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus. It is prevalent in southern Europe, Africa and central Asia.The disease usually has a benign course and is characterized by fever, myalgia and a characteristic papular rash with an inoculation eschar ('tache noir') at the site of the tick bite. Severe forms of disease can have cardiac, neurologic or renal involvement. Nervous system complications are unusual and may develop in the early phase of disease or as a delayed complication. Neurological symptoms include headache and alterations of the level of consciousness, and some cases of meningoenchefalitis and Guillain-Barrè syndrome have been also reported. Peripheral nerve involvement is reported only in a limited number of case reports.We describe a case of Rickettsia conorii that was complicated with hearing loss and did not respond to specific treatment. Hearing loss is a rare event, but clinicians should be aware of this complication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e34-e36
JournalInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2015

Keywords

  • Hearing loss
  • Mediterranean spotted fever
  • Neurological complication
  • Rickettsia conorii

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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