The effects of human recombinant megakaryocyte growth and development factor (MGDF) (also known as thrombopoietin (TPO)), alone or in combination with other growth factors, on the proliferation and on the clonal growth of clonogenic progenitors from 24 acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) patients were evaluated. A significant proliferative response to MGDF alone (proliferation index > 1.5) was observed in nine of 23 cases; the responding cases belonged to all FAB subtypes. However, the greatest response (proliferation index > 7) was found in one M6 and in one M7 case. MGDF also enhanced interleukin 3 (IL-3), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), c-kit ligand (KL) and FLT3 ligand (FL) stimulated blast cell proliferation. MGDF as a single factor induced or significantly enhanced colony formation by clonogenic precursor cells in 12 of 14 AML cases. MGDF strongly increased KL-induced leukemic colony growth in seven cases, whereas it only moderately enhanced IL-3- or GM-CSF-induced colony growth. The analysis of tyrosine phosphorylated protein(s) upon MGDF stimulation in fresh AML cells was also performed. The results demonstrated a band of approximately 90 kDa phosphorylated protein(s) upon MGDF stimulation in AML responsive cases, but not in unresponsive ones. Taken together the present findings suggest that, in a consistent proportion of AML cases, NGDF stimulates blast cell growth and induces tyrosine protein phosphorylation.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
- Protein phosphorylation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research