Megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by early onset macrocephaly; developmental delay; motor disability in the form of progressive spasticity and ataxia; seizures; cognitive decline; and characteristic magnetic resonance imaging findings. Mutations in two genes, MLC1 (22q13.33; 75 % of patients) or HEPACAM (11q24; 20 % of patients), are associated with the disease. We describe an adult MLC patient with moderate clinical symptoms. MLC1 cDNA analysis from lymphoblasts showed a strong transcript reduction and identified a 246-bp pseudoexon containing a premature stop codon between exons 10 and 11, due to a homozygous c.895-226 T>G deep-intronic mutation. This category of mutations is often overlooked, being outside of canonically sequenced genomic regions. The mutation c.895-226 T>G has a leaky effect on splicing leaving part of the full-length transcript. Its role on splicing was confirmed using a minigene assay and an antisense morpholinated oligonucleotide targeted to the aberrant splice site in vitro, which partially abrogated the mutation effect.
- Antisense oligonucleotide
- Homozygosis of a splicing mutation
- Megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy type 1
- Van der Knaap disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience