Meiotic and developmental competence of mouse antral oocytes

M. Zuccotti, P. Giorgi Rossi, A. Martinez, S. Garagna, A. Forabosco, C. A. Redi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mouse antral oocytes show two different patterns of chromatin organization, defining oocytes with or without chromatin surrounding the nucleolus (SN: surrounded nucleus; NSN: not surrounded nucleus). We have previously shown that upon injection of eCG, NSN antral oocytes shift towards the SN kind of chromatin organization. We hypothesized that these newly formed SN oocytes were those that would have been ovulated after an ovulatory stimulus. The main objective of this study was to investigate the meiotic and developmental competence of these two types of oocytes. SN and NSN antral oocytes were isolated after i.p. administration of eCG+hCG or eCG-only, in vitro-cultured until completion of metaphase II, and inseminated with capacitated spermatozoa; and their development to the 4-cell stage was examined. This study demonstrates 1) that SN and NSN oocytes isolated after injection of eCG+hCG are capable of embryonic development, but not beyond the 2-cell stage; and 2) that SN and NSN oocytes isolated after injection of eCG- only are capable of developing to the 2-cell stage, but a significantly higher number (11.9%) of SN oocytes than NSN oocytes (1.5%) reach the 4-cell stage. SN- and NSN-like oocytes have also been described in the antral compartment of human, rat, monkey, pig, and bovine ovaries. The findings reported in this paper may contribute to improved procedures for in vitro fertilization of humans and farm animals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)700-704
Number of pages5
JournalBiology of Reproduction
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Embryology

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