Melanocortin Receptor-4 Gene Polymorphisms in Glioblastoma Patients Treated with Concomitant Radio-Chemotherapy

Francesco Pasqualetti, Paola Orlandi, Vittorio Simeon, Martina Cantarella, Daniela Giuliani, Teresa Di Desidero, Alessandra Gonnelli, Durim Delishaj, Giuseppe Lombardi, Andrea Sechi, Marc Sanson, Vittorina Zagonel, Fabiola Paiar, Romano Danesi, Salvatore Guarini, Guido Bocci

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Melanocortins are peptides with well-recognized antiinflammatory and neuroprotective activity. No data are currently available on melanocortin receptor-4 (MC4R) gene polymorphisms and tumors, including glioblastomas (GBMs), or their relationship with radiotherapy or chemotherapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible predictive/prognostic role of the MC4R SNPs on GBM patients. Fifty-five patients with a proven diagnosis of GBM, treated with radiotherapy and temozolomide, were consecutively enrolled. MC4R gene SNPs (rs17782313, rs489693, rs8087522, rs17700633) were analyzed by a validated TaqMan® SNP genotyping assays. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. A P < 0.0125 (Bonferroni's correction) was considered significant ( identifier NCT02458508). The median progression-free survival (PFS) and median overall survival (OS) of these patients were 9.54 (95% CI 5.4-14.3) months and 24.9 (95% CI 17.8-34.6) months, respectively. The MC4R rs489693 AA genotype was significantly associated with a shorter PFS and OS. Indeed, with regard to PFS, patients harboring the rs489693 AA genotype had a median PFS of 2.99 months whereas patients with AC/CC genotypes had a median PFS of 10.82 months (P = 0.009). Interestingly, the rs489693 AA patients also had a lower median OS as compared with the median OS of the AC/CC genotypes (10.75 vs. 29.5 months, respectively, P = 0.0001). This study suggests that the MC4R rs489693 AA genotype is significantly associated with a shorter PFS and OS in patients treated with radiotherapy and temozolomide. These findings represent a relevant effort to identify novel clinical markers for RT-CT therapy in GBM to be validated in future pharmacogenetic clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecular Neurobiology
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Feb 1 2017


  • Journal Article


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