Protectin (CD59), a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored cell membrane glycoprotein, is differentially expressed on melanocytic cells and represents the main restriction factor of C-mediated lysis of melanoma cells. In this study, we report that CD59-positive melanoma cells constitutively release a soluble form of CD59 (sCD59), and that its levels directly correlate (r = 0.926; P <0.05) with the amount of membrane-bound CD59. SDS-PAGE analysis showed that the molecular components of sCD59 are similar to those of cellular CD59 expressed by melanoma cells. Melanoma-released sCD59 is anchor positive since it inserts into cell membranes of homologous cells that transiently increase their expression of CD59. Moreover, sCD59 is functional: it blocks the binding of the anti-CD59 mAb YTH53.1 to melanoma cells and reverses its effects on C-mediated lysis. In fact, preincubation of mAb YTH53.1 with scalar doses of conditioned media of CD59-positive but not of CD59-negative melanoma cells reduced significantly (P <0.05), and in a dose- dependent fashion, the enhancement of C-mediated lysis of anti-GD3- sensitized melanoma cells induced by the masking of cellular CD59 by mAb YTH53.1. Altogether, these data demonstrate that CD59-positive human melanoma cells release a soluble form of CD59 that is structurally similar to cellular CD59, retains its anchoring ability, is functional, and may impair the effectiveness of clinical approaches to humoral immunotherapy for human melanoma.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Investigation|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1 1997|
- GPI anchor
- Malignant disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas