Melasma: How hormones can modulate skin pigmentation

Angela Filoni, Maria Mariano, Norma Cameli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


We described—along with a genetic predisposition and exposure to sunlight, as the main factors for melasma development—pregnancy, hormonal therapies, and oral contraceptive pills. Whilst hormonal alteration or therapies are frequently reported in literature in association with melasma, studies analyzing the laboratoristic correlation are limited. We review data published on hormones variations both in women and males with melasma and report some peculiar clinical cases that further demonstrate how the relationship between hormone secretion and melasma development is difficult to be defined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)458-463
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019


  • hormones
  • melasma
  • pigmentation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology


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