Membrane-binding peptides for extracellular vesicles on-chip analysis

Alessandro Gori, Alessandro Romanato, Bergamaschi Greta, Alessandro Strada, Paola Gagni, Roberto Frigerio, Dario Brambilla, Riccardo Vago, Silvia Galbiati, Silvia Picciolini, Marzia Bedoni, George G. Daaboul, Marcella Chiari, Marina Cretich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) present fairly distinctive lipid membrane features in the extracellular environment. These include high curvature, lipid-packing defects and a relative abundance in lipids such as phosphatidylserine and ceramide. sEV membrane could be then considered as a “universal” marker, alternative or complementary to traditional, characteristic, surface-associated proteins. Here, we introduce the use of membrane-sensing peptides as new, highly efficient ligands to directly integrate sEV capturing and analysis on a microarray platform. Samples were analysed by label-free, single-particle counting and sizing, and by fluorescence co-localisation immune staining with fluorescent anti-CD9/anti-CD63/anti-CD81 antibodies. Peptides performed as selective yet general sEV baits and showed a binding capacity higher than anti-tetraspanins antibodies. Insights into surface chemistry for optimal peptide performances are also discussed, as capturing efficiency is strictly bound to probes surface orientation effects. We anticipate that this new class of ligands, also due to the versatility and limited costs of synthetic peptides, may greatly enrich the molecular toolbox for EV analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1751428
JournalJournal of Extracellular Vesicles
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • Extracellular vesicles
  • membrane binding
  • membrane curvature
  • microarrays
  • peptides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Histology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Membrane-binding peptides for extracellular vesicles on-chip analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Gori, A., Romanato, A., Greta, B., Strada, A., Gagni, P., Frigerio, R., Brambilla, D., Vago, R., Galbiati, S., Picciolini, S., Bedoni, M., Daaboul, G. G., Chiari, M., & Cretich, M. (2020). Membrane-binding peptides for extracellular vesicles on-chip analysis. Journal of Extracellular Vesicles, 9(1), [1751428]. https://doi.org/10.1080/20013078.2020.1751428