Menopause and hormone replacement therapy: The 2017 recommendations of the Italian menopause society

Marco Gambacciani, Nicoletta Biglia, Angelo Cagnacci, Salvatore Caruso, Ettore Cicinelli, Vincenzo De Leo, Costantino Di Carlo, Manuela Farris, Alessandro Gambera, Secondo Guaschino, Antonio Lanzone, Anna M. Paoletti, Novella Russo, Franco Vicariotto, Paola Villa, Annibale Volpe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Over the last decade, the risk benefits ratio of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has been reevaluated mainly in tens of cardiovascular risk. Present Consensus Statement is largely inspired by the Global Consensus on Menopausal Hormone Therapy in 2013 and 2016 by leading global menopause societies (The American Society for Reproductive Medicine, The Asia Pacific Menopause Federation, The Endocrine Society, The European Menopause and Andropause Society, The International Menopause Society, The International Osteoporosis Foundation and The North American Menopause Society). The aim of these recommendations is to provide a simple and updated reference on postmenopausal HRT. The term HRT typically includes estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) and estrogen-progestogen therapy (EPT). EPT can be sequential, when progestogen is added to ERT for 10-14 days a month, or continuous combined when progestogen is administered continuously every day along with a fixed amount of estrogen, In the everyday language, HRT includes also tibolone and the tissue-selective estrogen complex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-34
Number of pages8
JournalMinerva Ginecologica
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2018


  • Health planning guidelines
  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • Menopause

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology


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