Mentalization-Based Treatment in Clinical High-Risk for Psychosis: A Rationale and Clinical Illustration

Martin Debbané, Jallal Benmiloud, George Salaminios, Alessandra Solida-Tozzi, Marco Armando, Peter Fonagy, Anthony Bateman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Developmental clinical research in recent years has highlighted the value treating psychotic disorders at the earliest stage to reduce long-term morbidity. It is now suggested that treatment during the clinical high risk states (CHR), preceding by 1–4 years the onset of psychotic disorders, may delay or prevent the onset of psychosis, and contribute to a more positive prognosis. In this article, we wish to provide a rationale and clinical illustration of mentalization-based treatment (MBT) as an indicated preventive treatment for CHR. We will first review the notion of high-risk for psychosis, providing a trans-theoretical developmental framework for conceptualizing the clinical progression from sub-clinical towards clinical psychotic states. Second, we address the commonalities and differences between the constructs of mentalization and metacognition, and discuss their relevance in preventive psychotherapeutic treatment for CHR. Thirdly, we provide a clinical illustration of MBT to emerging psychosis. Finally, we conclude by discussing the specific contributions of MBT approach in youths at CHR, and the necessary research for evaluating its relevance in the context of risk for developing psychosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-225
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Contemporary Psychotherapy
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016

Keywords

  • Mentalizing
  • Prevention
  • Psychodynamic
  • Schizophrenia
  • Schizotypy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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