Meta-analysis of randomized trials comparing off-pump with on-pump coronary artery bypass graft patency

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Abstract

Background. Off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (OPCAB) is increasingly becoming a widely used technique and challenges conventional on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting as the standard surgical therapy for coronary artery disease. Little information, however, is available concerning postoperative performance of bypass grafts done with this new technique. The aim of this study is to assess differences in graft patency between OPCAB and coronary artery bypass grafting by meta-analysis of data published in randomized trials. Methods. A literature search for the period beginning January 1990 until December 2004 supplemented with manual bibliographic review was performed for all peer-reviewed English-language publications. A systematic overview (meta-analysis) of randomized trials was conducted to assess differences between OPCAB and coronary artery bypass grafting in graft occlusion rates. Results. Literature search yielded five comparable randomized studies, for a total of 872 and 998 grafts performed during OPCAB and coronary artery bypass grafting procedures, respectively. Meta-analysis of these studies showed an increased risk of graft occlusion in the OPCAB group of patients, both when all the studies were analyzed together (odds ratio, 1.51; 95% confidence intervals, 1.15 to 1.99; p = 0.003), and when low-quality (odds ratio, 1.46; 95% confidence intervals, 1.05 to 2.03; p = 0.02) and high-quality (odds ratio, 1.65; 95% confidence intervals, 0.99 to 2.75; p = 0.05) studies were analyzed separately. Conclusions. Cumulative analysis of the few prospective randomized studies currently available in the literature documents a reduction in postoperative patency of coronary artery bypass grafts performed during OPCAB procedures. The risk of reduced graft patency needs to be considered when choosing OPCAB as tailored strategy for selected patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2121-2125
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume80
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005

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Coronary Artery Bypass
Meta-Analysis
Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass
Transplants
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Publications
Coronary Artery Disease
Language
Prospective Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

@article{d9924b9950f04d0792237b61e9943c8c,
title = "Meta-analysis of randomized trials comparing off-pump with on-pump coronary artery bypass graft patency",
abstract = "Background. Off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (OPCAB) is increasingly becoming a widely used technique and challenges conventional on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting as the standard surgical therapy for coronary artery disease. Little information, however, is available concerning postoperative performance of bypass grafts done with this new technique. The aim of this study is to assess differences in graft patency between OPCAB and coronary artery bypass grafting by meta-analysis of data published in randomized trials. Methods. A literature search for the period beginning January 1990 until December 2004 supplemented with manual bibliographic review was performed for all peer-reviewed English-language publications. A systematic overview (meta-analysis) of randomized trials was conducted to assess differences between OPCAB and coronary artery bypass grafting in graft occlusion rates. Results. Literature search yielded five comparable randomized studies, for a total of 872 and 998 grafts performed during OPCAB and coronary artery bypass grafting procedures, respectively. Meta-analysis of these studies showed an increased risk of graft occlusion in the OPCAB group of patients, both when all the studies were analyzed together (odds ratio, 1.51; 95{\%} confidence intervals, 1.15 to 1.99; p = 0.003), and when low-quality (odds ratio, 1.46; 95{\%} confidence intervals, 1.05 to 2.03; p = 0.02) and high-quality (odds ratio, 1.65; 95{\%} confidence intervals, 0.99 to 2.75; p = 0.05) studies were analyzed separately. Conclusions. Cumulative analysis of the few prospective randomized studies currently available in the literature documents a reduction in postoperative patency of coronary artery bypass grafts performed during OPCAB procedures. The risk of reduced graft patency needs to be considered when choosing OPCAB as tailored strategy for selected patients.",
author = "Alessandro Parolari and Francesco Alamanni and Gianluca Polvani and Marco Agrifoglio and Chen, {Yong Bing} and Samer Kassem and Fabrizio Veglia and Elena Tremoli and Paolo Biglioli",
year = "2005",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1016/j.athoracsur.2005.05.007",
language = "English",
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T1 - Meta-analysis of randomized trials comparing off-pump with on-pump coronary artery bypass graft patency

AU - Parolari, Alessandro

AU - Alamanni, Francesco

AU - Polvani, Gianluca

AU - Agrifoglio, Marco

AU - Chen, Yong Bing

AU - Kassem, Samer

AU - Veglia, Fabrizio

AU - Tremoli, Elena

AU - Biglioli, Paolo

PY - 2005/12

Y1 - 2005/12

N2 - Background. Off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (OPCAB) is increasingly becoming a widely used technique and challenges conventional on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting as the standard surgical therapy for coronary artery disease. Little information, however, is available concerning postoperative performance of bypass grafts done with this new technique. The aim of this study is to assess differences in graft patency between OPCAB and coronary artery bypass grafting by meta-analysis of data published in randomized trials. Methods. A literature search for the period beginning January 1990 until December 2004 supplemented with manual bibliographic review was performed for all peer-reviewed English-language publications. A systematic overview (meta-analysis) of randomized trials was conducted to assess differences between OPCAB and coronary artery bypass grafting in graft occlusion rates. Results. Literature search yielded five comparable randomized studies, for a total of 872 and 998 grafts performed during OPCAB and coronary artery bypass grafting procedures, respectively. Meta-analysis of these studies showed an increased risk of graft occlusion in the OPCAB group of patients, both when all the studies were analyzed together (odds ratio, 1.51; 95% confidence intervals, 1.15 to 1.99; p = 0.003), and when low-quality (odds ratio, 1.46; 95% confidence intervals, 1.05 to 2.03; p = 0.02) and high-quality (odds ratio, 1.65; 95% confidence intervals, 0.99 to 2.75; p = 0.05) studies were analyzed separately. Conclusions. Cumulative analysis of the few prospective randomized studies currently available in the literature documents a reduction in postoperative patency of coronary artery bypass grafts performed during OPCAB procedures. The risk of reduced graft patency needs to be considered when choosing OPCAB as tailored strategy for selected patients.

AB - Background. Off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (OPCAB) is increasingly becoming a widely used technique and challenges conventional on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting as the standard surgical therapy for coronary artery disease. Little information, however, is available concerning postoperative performance of bypass grafts done with this new technique. The aim of this study is to assess differences in graft patency between OPCAB and coronary artery bypass grafting by meta-analysis of data published in randomized trials. Methods. A literature search for the period beginning January 1990 until December 2004 supplemented with manual bibliographic review was performed for all peer-reviewed English-language publications. A systematic overview (meta-analysis) of randomized trials was conducted to assess differences between OPCAB and coronary artery bypass grafting in graft occlusion rates. Results. Literature search yielded five comparable randomized studies, for a total of 872 and 998 grafts performed during OPCAB and coronary artery bypass grafting procedures, respectively. Meta-analysis of these studies showed an increased risk of graft occlusion in the OPCAB group of patients, both when all the studies were analyzed together (odds ratio, 1.51; 95% confidence intervals, 1.15 to 1.99; p = 0.003), and when low-quality (odds ratio, 1.46; 95% confidence intervals, 1.05 to 2.03; p = 0.02) and high-quality (odds ratio, 1.65; 95% confidence intervals, 0.99 to 2.75; p = 0.05) studies were analyzed separately. Conclusions. Cumulative analysis of the few prospective randomized studies currently available in the literature documents a reduction in postoperative patency of coronary artery bypass grafts performed during OPCAB procedures. The risk of reduced graft patency needs to be considered when choosing OPCAB as tailored strategy for selected patients.

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