Metabolic activation and covalent binding to nucleic acids of pentachloroethane as short-term test of genotoxicity

M. P. Turina, A. Colacci, S. Grilli, M. Mazzullo, G. Prodi, G. Lattanzi, B. Bonora, S. Bartoli, L. Guidotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The in vivo covalent binding of 14C-pentachloroethane to DNA, RNA and proteins of rats and mouse organs was detected 22 hr after i.p. injection. The covalent binding index, calculated on the liver labeling, was comparable to those of compounds considered as weak to moderate initiators. Like other haloalkanes, 14C-pentachloroethane was bioactivated in in vitro cell-free system by both microsomal and cytosolic enzymatic fractions from mouse and rat organs to react covalently with DNA and other macromolecules. The binding extents obtained from in vitro incubation and the binding values detected after in vivo administration of labeled pentachloroethane were comparable with each other and showed a high correlation with oncogenic potency index of this compound. This result confirms the efficiency of in vitro binding as short-term test of genotoxicity prediction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-91
Number of pages11
JournalResearch Communications in Chemical Pathology and Pharmacology
Volume63
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Toxicology

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