Metabolic heterogeneity on baseline 18FDG-PET/CT scan is a predictor of outcome in primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma

L Ceriani, L Milan, M Martelli, AJM Ferreri, L Cascione, PL Zinzani, A Di Rocco, A Conconi, A Stathis, F Cavalli, M Bellei, K Cozens, E Porro, L Giovanella, PW Johnson, E Zucca

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An important unmet need in the management of primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL) is to identify the patients for whom first-line therapy will fail to intervene before the lymphoma becomes refractory. High heterogeneity of intratumoral18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18FDG) uptake distribution on positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/ CT) scans has been suggested as a possible marker of chemoresistance in solid tumors. In the present study, we investigated the prognostic value of metabolic heterogeneity (MH) in 103 patients with PMBCL prospectively enrolled in the International Extranodal Lymphoma Study Group (IELSG) 26 study, aimed at clarifying the role of PET in this lymphoma subtype. MH was estimated using the area under curve of cumulative standardized uptake value-volume histogram (AUC-CSH) method. Progression-free survival at 5 years was 94% vs 73% in low- and high-MH groups, respectively (P 5 .0001). In a Cox model of progression-free survival including dichotomized MH, metabolic tumor volume, total lesion glycolysis (TLG), international prognostic index, and tumor bulk (mediastinal mass > 10 cm), as well as age as a continuous variable, only TLG (P <.001) and MH (P <.001) retained statistical significance. Using these 2 features to construct a simple prognostic model resulted in early and accurate (positive predictive value, 89%; negative predictive value, ‡90%) identification of patients at high risk for progression at a point that would allow the use of risk-adapted treatments. This may provide an important opportunity for the design of future trials aimed at helping the minority of patients who harbor chemorefractory PMBCL. © 2018 by The American Society of Hematology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-186
Number of pages8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2018


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