Metabolic syndrome in the offspring of centenarians: Focus on prevalence, components, and adipokines

R. Ostan, L. Bucci, E. Cevenini, M. G. Palmas, E. Pini, M. Scurti, R. Vescovini, C. Caruso, D. Mari, G. Vitale, C. Franceschi, D. Monti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

With aging, an increased prevalence of a clustering of metabolic abnormalities has been observed. These abnormalities include obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and insulin resistance and are collectively known as metabolic syndrome (MetS), a low-grade, systemic, inflammatory condition associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and other adverse health outcomes. A number of studies have demonstrated that centenarians' offspring have a significant survival advantage and a lower risk of developing the most important agerelated diseases. They therefore represent one of the best models with which to study the familiar component of human longevity. The aim of this study was to determine if the offspring of centenarians (n=265 subjects) showed a different prevalence of MetS in comparison to the offspring of non-long-lived parents (controls, n=101 subjects). In addition, we assessed whether centenarians' offspring showed particular features of MetS and a distinct regulation of circulating adipokines, cytokines, and metabolic mediators. Although the prevalence of MetS was quite similar both in the offspring of centenarians and the controls, MetS-affected centenarians' offspring seemed healthier, more functionally fit, and had lower resistin levels. MetS prevalence did not change in centenarians' offspring across resistin, IGF-1, and resistin/IGF-1 ratio tertiles. On the other hand, in controls, MetS prevalence strongly increased across resistin tertiles and in the third resistin/IGF-1 ratio tertile, indicating a dramatic increase in MetS prevalence when the ratio between these two factors is unbalanced, with high levels of resistin and low levels of IGF-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1995-2007
Number of pages13
JournalAge
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013

Keywords

  • Adipokines
  • Aging
  • Centenarians' offspring
  • Inflammaging
  • Metabolic syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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