Metabolic syndrome prevalence in psoriasis: A cross-sectional study in the Italian population

Aurora Parodi, Nicola Aste, Camilla Calvieri, Franca Cantoresi, Marta Carlesimo, Paolo Fabbri, Giorgio Filosa, Antonia Galluccio, Paolo Lisi, Giuseppe Micali, Concetta Potenza, Antonio Richetta, Marco Simonacci, Piergiusto Trevisan, Giancarlo Valenti, Stefano Calvieri

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Abstract

Background: The pathogenesis of psoriasis is complex, with a significant role suggested for pro-inflammatory mediators. There is strong evidence of an association between psoriasis and the metabolic syndrome (MetS), a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors, which impose a substantial disease burden. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of MetS and to examine the implications of disease severity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disease in a large cohort of Italian psoriatic patients representative of the whole population. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving 13 dermatological clinics in Italy. The primary study endpoint was a comparison of the prevalence of MetS between psoriatic patients and a non-psoriatic control group; secondary endpoints included the influence of psoriasis severity on the prevalence of MetS, and the relative prevalence and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disorders. Results: A total of 720 patients were enrolled (n = 360 per group). The prevalence of MetS was 26.84 % in the psoriatic population and 15.16 % in the control population (p = 0.0001; adjusted odds ratio 1.96). MetS was associated with a greater degree of psoriasis severity, and the prevalence and risk of diabetes tended to be higher in psoriatic patients than in the control group. Conclusion: In the Italian population, the prevalence of MetS and associated comorbidities is elevated in patients with psoriasis compared with non-psoriatic subjects, as has been demonstrated in other countries. Our findings reinforce the importance of considering the implications of metabolic comorbidities in treating patients with psoriasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-377
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Dermatology
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Medicine(all)

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    Parodi, A., Aste, N., Calvieri, C., Cantoresi, F., Carlesimo, M., Fabbri, P., Filosa, G., Galluccio, A., Lisi, P., Micali, G., Potenza, C., Richetta, A., Simonacci, M., Trevisan, P., Valenti, G., & Calvieri, S. (2014). Metabolic syndrome prevalence in psoriasis: A cross-sectional study in the Italian population. American Journal of Clinical Dermatology, 15(4), 371-377. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40257-014-0074-8