Metabolic syndrome score and ambulatory blood pressure in untreated essential hypertension

Cesare Cuspidi, Stefano Meani, Cristiana Valerio, Eleonora Catini, Veronica Fusi, Carla Sala, Alberto Zanchetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The relationship between metabolic syndrome components, as defined by the Adult Treatment Panel III report, and ambulatory blood pressure in hypertensive patients has not been investigated to date. Objective: To explore the relation between metabolic syndrome components ambulatory blood pressure levels and blood pressure day/night variations in a large population of never-treated essential hypertensive patients. Methods: This investigation included 519 patients with uncomplicated grade 1 and 2 hypertension (mean age 45 + 11 years) who were attending a hypertension hospital outpatient clinic. They underwent the following procedures: (1) repeated clinic blood pressure measurements; (2) blood sampling for routine chemistry examinations; and (3) ambulatory blood pressure monitoring over two 24-h periods within 4 weeks. Because, by selection, all participants fulfilled one of the Adult Treatment Panel III criteria, the additional four criteria, abdominal obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL cholesterol and high blood fasting glucose, were specifically searched for. Patients were stratified according to the absence (group I) or the presence of one (group II), two (group III), three or four (group IV) components of the metabolic syndrome. Nocturnal dipping was defined as a night-time reduction in average systolic and diastolic blood pressure >10% compared to average daytime values. Each participant was classified according to the consistency of the dipping or nondipping status in the first and second ambulatory blood pressure measurement periods as follows: reproducible dipper (DD: decrease in blood pressure >10% in both ambulatory blood pressure measurement periods), reproducible nondipper (ND-ND: decrease in blood pressure

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-180
Number of pages6
JournalBlood Pressure Monitoring
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2005


  • Ambulatory blood pressure
  • Hypertension
  • Metabolic syndrome score

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Internal Medicine


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