Metabolism modifications and apoptosis induction after Cellfood™ administration to leukemia cell lines

Simona Catalani, Valentina Carbonaro, Francesco Palma, Marselina Arshakyan, Rossella Galati, Barbara Nuvoli, Serafina Battistelli, Franco Canestrari, Serena Benedetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Cellfood™ (CF) is a nutritional supplement containing deuterium sulphate, minerals, amino acids, and enzymes, with well documented antioxidant properties. Its organic and inorganic components are extracted from the red algae Lithothamnion calcareum, whose mineral extract has shown growth-inhibitory effect both on in vitro and in vivo models. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antiproliferative effects of CF on leukemic cells. In fact, according to its capacity to modulate O§ssub§2§ esub§ availability and to improve mitochondrial respiratory metabolism, we wondered if CF could affect cancer cell metabolism making cells susceptible to apoptosis. Methods. Three leukemic cell lines, Jurkat, U937, and K562, were treated with CF 5 μl/ml up to 72 hours. Cell viability, apoptosis (i.e. caspase-3 activity and DNA fragmentation), hypoxia inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1α) concentration, glucose transporter 1 (GLUT-1) expression, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity and lactate release in the culture medium were detected and compared with untreated cells. Results: CF significantly inhibited leukemic cell viability by promoting cell apoptosis, as revealed by caspase-3 activation and DNA laddering. In particular, CF treated cells showed lower HIF-1α levels and lower GLUT-1 expression as compared to untreated cells. At the same time, CF was able to reduce LDH activity and, consequently, the amount of lactate released in the extracellular environment. Conclusions: We supplied evidence for an antiproliferative effect of CF on leukemia cell lines by inducing cell death through an apoptotic mechanism and by altering cancer cell metabolism through HIF-1α and GLUT-1 regulation. Thanks to its antioxidative and proapoptotic properties, CF might be a good candidate for cancer prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Article number63
JournalJournal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Leukemia
Apoptosis
Cell Line
Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1
Facilitative Glucose Transport Proteins
Caspase 3
Minerals
Lactic Acid
Cell Survival
Rhodophyta
Cellfood
Neoplasms
Deuterium
DNA Fragmentation
L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
Sulfates
Culture Media
Cell Death
Antioxidants
Amino Acids

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Cellfood™
  • Glucose transporter 1
  • Hypoxia inducible factor 1 alpha
  • Lactate dehydrogenase
  • Leukemic cells
  • Tumor metabolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

Metabolism modifications and apoptosis induction after Cellfood™ administration to leukemia cell lines. / Catalani, Simona; Carbonaro, Valentina; Palma, Francesco; Arshakyan, Marselina; Galati, Rossella; Nuvoli, Barbara; Battistelli, Serafina; Canestrari, Franco; Benedetti, Serena.

In: Journal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research, Vol. 32, No. 1, 63, 2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Catalani, S, Carbonaro, V, Palma, F, Arshakyan, M, Galati, R, Nuvoli, B, Battistelli, S, Canestrari, F & Benedetti, S 2013, 'Metabolism modifications and apoptosis induction after Cellfood™ administration to leukemia cell lines', Journal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research, vol. 32, no. 1, 63. https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-9966-32-63
Catalani, Simona ; Carbonaro, Valentina ; Palma, Francesco ; Arshakyan, Marselina ; Galati, Rossella ; Nuvoli, Barbara ; Battistelli, Serafina ; Canestrari, Franco ; Benedetti, Serena. / Metabolism modifications and apoptosis induction after Cellfood™ administration to leukemia cell lines. In: Journal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research. 2013 ; Vol. 32, No. 1.
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abstract = "Background: Cellfood™ (CF) is a nutritional supplement containing deuterium sulphate, minerals, amino acids, and enzymes, with well documented antioxidant properties. Its organic and inorganic components are extracted from the red algae Lithothamnion calcareum, whose mineral extract has shown growth-inhibitory effect both on in vitro and in vivo models. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antiproliferative effects of CF on leukemic cells. In fact, according to its capacity to modulate O§ssub§2§ esub§ availability and to improve mitochondrial respiratory metabolism, we wondered if CF could affect cancer cell metabolism making cells susceptible to apoptosis. Methods. Three leukemic cell lines, Jurkat, U937, and K562, were treated with CF 5 μl/ml up to 72 hours. Cell viability, apoptosis (i.e. caspase-3 activity and DNA fragmentation), hypoxia inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1α) concentration, glucose transporter 1 (GLUT-1) expression, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity and lactate release in the culture medium were detected and compared with untreated cells. Results: CF significantly inhibited leukemic cell viability by promoting cell apoptosis, as revealed by caspase-3 activation and DNA laddering. In particular, CF treated cells showed lower HIF-1α levels and lower GLUT-1 expression as compared to untreated cells. At the same time, CF was able to reduce LDH activity and, consequently, the amount of lactate released in the extracellular environment. Conclusions: We supplied evidence for an antiproliferative effect of CF on leukemia cell lines by inducing cell death through an apoptotic mechanism and by altering cancer cell metabolism through HIF-1α and GLUT-1 regulation. Thanks to its antioxidative and proapoptotic properties, CF might be a good candidate for cancer prevention.",
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AU - Carbonaro, Valentina

AU - Palma, Francesco

AU - Arshakyan, Marselina

AU - Galati, Rossella

AU - Nuvoli, Barbara

AU - Battistelli, Serafina

AU - Canestrari, Franco

AU - Benedetti, Serena

PY - 2013

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