Metabolomics signature improves the prediction of cardiovascular events in elderly subjects

S. Rizza, M. Copetti, C. Rossi, M. A. Cianfarani, M. Zucchelli, A. Luzi, C. Pecchioli, O. Porzio, G. Di Cola, A. Urbani, F. Pellegrini, M. Federici

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims: Age is one of the most important determinants of cardiovascular health, therefore the management of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in elderly people entails great challenge. A possible explanation of vascular senescence process is the mitochondrial damage and dysfunction. We hypothesized that metabolomic profiling would identify biomarkers predicting major cardiovascular events (MACEs) in elderly people, improving the clinical standard cardiovascular risk factors. Methods and results: Targeted-mass-spectrometry-based profiling of 49 metabolites was performed in a group of very old participants (n=67, mean age=85±3 years) with a high rate of previous CVD (68%). Principal Component Analysis, Random Survival Forest analysis and Cox proportional hazards regression modeling were used to evaluate the relation between the metabolite factors and recurring MACEs. We tested discrimination ability and reclassification of clinical and metabolomic models.At follow-up (median=3.5 years), 17 MACEs occurred (5 cardiovascular deaths, 1 nonfatal myocardial infarction, 7 nonfatal strokes and 4 peripheral artery surgeries) (incidence=7.3% person-years). Metabolite factor 1, composed by medium- and long-chain acylcarnitines, and factor 7 (alanine) were independently associated with MACEs, after adjustment for clinical CV covariates [HR=1.77 (95%CI=1.11-2.81, p=0.016) and HR=2.18 (95%CI=1.17-4.07, p=0.014), respectively]. However, only factor 1 significantly increases the prediction accuracy of the Framingham Recurring. Coronary-Heart-Disease-Score, with a significant improvement in discrimination (integrated discrimination improvement=7%, p=0.01) and correctly reclassifying 41% of events and 37% of non-events resulting in a cNRI=0.79 (p=0.005). Conclusions: Aging mitochondrial dysfunction evaluated by metabolomic profiling is associated with MACEs, independently of standard predictors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-264
Number of pages5
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume232
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • Aging
  • MACE
  • Metabolomic
  • Mitochondrial dysfunction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Rizza, S., Copetti, M., Rossi, C., Cianfarani, M. A., Zucchelli, M., Luzi, A., Pecchioli, C., Porzio, O., Di Cola, G., Urbani, A., Pellegrini, F., & Federici, M. (2014). Metabolomics signature improves the prediction of cardiovascular events in elderly subjects. Atherosclerosis, 232(2), 260-264. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2013.10.029