Glutamate is the major neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system and plays a pivotal role in both acute and chronic pain. The actions of glutamate are mediated by two receptor families: ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs), and metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs). Activation of glutamate receptor can elicit both hyperalgesic and analgesic effects. Eight mGluRs subtypes (mGluR1-mGluR8) have been identified and classified into three groups. Among these, group I mGluRs (mGlu1 and -5) have been implicated in the processes of central sensitization and persistent nociception, whereas activation of group II mGluRs (mGlu2/3) is effective against neuropathic or inflammatory pain. In this review we focus on the role of mGlu2/3 in the modulation of persistent pain, and on their potential use as drug targets in pain management.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Endocrinological Investigation|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas