The dispersion of nanoparticles having different size-, shape-, and composition-dependent properties is an exciting approach to design and synthesize multifunctional materials and devices. This work shows a detailed investigation of the preparation and properties of free-standing nanocomposite films based on cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) loaded with three different types of metal nanoparticles. CNC-based nanocomposites having zinc oxide (ZnO), titanium dioxide (TiO2), and silver oxide (Ag2O) have been obtained through evaporation-induced self-assembly (EISA) in acqueous solution. Morphological and optical characteristics, chemical properties, wettability, and antimicrobial assays of the produced films were conducted. Furthermore, disintegrability in composting condition of CNC based nanocomposites was here investigated for the first time. The morphological observations revealed the formation of a chiral nematic structure with uniformly distributed nanoparticles. The bionanocomposite films based on the metal nanoparticles had effective antimicrobial activity, killing both Escherichia coli RB ( E. coli RB) and Staphylococcus aureus 8325-4 ( S. aureus 8325-4). The simplicity method of film preparation, the large quantity of cellulose in the world, and the free-standing nature of the nanocomposite films offer highly advantageous characteristics that can for the new development of multifunctional materials.