Metronomic cyclophosphamide and capecitabine combined with bevacizumab in advanced breast cancer

Silvia Dellapasqua, Francesco Bertolini, Vincenzo Bagnardi, Elisabetta Campagnoli, Eloise Scarano, Rosalba Torrisi, Yuval Shaked, Patrizia Mancuso, Aron Goldhirsch, Andrea Rocca, Elisabetta Pietri, Marco Colleoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Metronomic chemotherapy has shown efficacy in patients with metastatic breast cancer. When used in association with targeted antiangiogenic drugs, it was more active than metronomic therapy alone in preclinical and clinical studies. Patients and Methods: Patients with advanced breast cancer were candidates to receive metronomic oral capecitabine (500 mg thrice daily) and cyclophosphamide (50 mg daily) plus bevacizumab (10 mg/kg every 2 weeks). Results: In 46 assessable patients, we observed one complete response (CR; 2%), 21 partial responses (PR; 46%), 19 patients (41%) with stable disease (SD), and five patients (11%) with progressive disease, for an overall response rate of 48% (95% CI, 33% to 63%). Additional long-term disease stabilization (SD ≥ 24 weeks) occurred in eight patients, for an overall clinical benefit (CR + PR + SD ≥ 24 weeks) of 68% (95% CI, 51% to 81%). Median time to progression was 42 weeks (95% CI, 26 to 72 weeks). Toxicity was generally mild. Grade 3 or 4 nonhematologic adverse effects included hypertension (n = 8), transaminitis (n = 2), and nausea/vomiting (n = 2). Higher baseline circulating endothelial cells (CECs) were correlated with overall response (P = .02), clinical benefit (P = .01), and improved progression-free survival (P = .04). Conclusion: Treatment with metronomic capecitabine and cyclophosphamide in combination with bevacizumab was effective in advanced breast cancer and was minimally toxic. The number of baseline CECs significantly correlated with response and outcome, therefore supporting further studies on this surrogate marker for the selection of patients to be candidates for antiangiogenic treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4899-4905
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Issue number30
Publication statusPublished - Oct 20 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology
  • Medicine(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Metronomic cyclophosphamide and capecitabine combined with bevacizumab in advanced breast cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this