Metronomics in the neoadjuvant and adjuvant treatment of breast cancer

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review


The concept of metronomic chemotherapy (MC) has evolved from a descriptive preclinical phenomenon encompassing inhibition of angiogenesis to a clinically validated treatment concept involving multiple potential mechanisms of action. Clinicians are progressively more incline to consider MC as a component of mainstream medical oncology practice in advanced breast cancer. However, more recently MC has been tested even in the adjuvant/neoadjuvant setting, taking the opportunity to obtain tumor specimens and blood samples, in order to identify tumor-specific or patient-specific biomarkers for personalizing treatments. In addition, the antiangiogenic and pro-immune nature of metronomic chemotherapy made triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) a good candidate for exploring low-dose maintenance treatment in the adjuvant setting or in combination with immunomodulatory drugs. The potential development of MC in breast cancer pass through the research to identify biomarkers and individual tumor characteristics that can better address the use of this treatment strategy in the future. Finally, the subjective attitude of patients represents one of the major factors that influence the choice and acceptance of a therapeutic program. Personal preference and considerations about quality of life should guide the treatment choice eventually prioritizing the use of MC. Nevertheless, more robust data from randomized phase III trials are needed in the future, in order to make clinicians more confident in using metronomic strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-266
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Letters
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2017


  • Adjuvant treatment
  • Breast cancer
  • Immunomodulation
  • Metronomic chemotherapy
  • Neoadjuvant treatment
  • Triple negative

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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