Mixed endocrine-exocrine tumors of the gut are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms with uncertain histogenesis showing different morphologic and clinical features. The aim of this work is to clarify the histogenesis of these tumors by studying the genetic profile of both the endocrine and exocrine components. We performed an allelotyping analysis of five mixed endocrine-exocrine tumors (two gastric and three colonic) and one rectal collision tumor, using 35 polymorphic microsatellite markers covering a total of six chromosomes, including 3, 5q, 6, 11, 17, and 18. The loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis showed concurrent losses of the same allele in both the endocrine and exocrine components in all of the five mixed tumors composed by a poorly differentiated endocrine carcinoma or a well differentiated endocrine carcinoma associated with adenocarcinoma or adenoma. Among these tumors an identical LOH pattern was frequently found on chromosomes 17p, 18q, and 5q. Additional allelic losses restricted to the poorly differentiated endocrine carcinoma were often observed. On the contrary, in the only collision tumor composed by a well differentiated endocrine carcinoma associated with adenocarcinoma, completely different allelotypes between the two components were detected. These findings confirm a close genetic relationship between the two distinct histologic components within mixed endocrine-exocrine tumors, supporting the hypothesis that a monoclonal mechanism of tumorigenesis is the most frequent genetic event in mixed exocrine-endocrine tumors. The clonal divergence observed in the only collision tumor, composed by a well differentiated endocrine carcinoma associated with an adenocarcinoma, confirms the existence of double tumors growing next to each other coincidentally but showing different histogenesis and different tumorigenetic pathways.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine