Cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) is an important enzyme for methionine metabolism. A common 844ins68 insertion variant in the CBS gene has been described. This 68-bp duplication of the intron 7-exon 8 boundary within the CBS gene already has been reported to be associated in cis with the T833C mutation. Heterozygosity for CBS deficiency is considered an important cause of hyperhomocysteinemia that strongly relates to cardiovascular disease, as well as homozygosity for another common variant, the C677T mutation of 5,10- methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase. We analysed the prevalence of the 844ins68 variant in the CBS gene in 595 unrelated apparently healthy individuals from nine Italian regions and in 133 patients with coronary artery disease. Our data Confirm that the T833C mutation cosegregates in cis with the 844ins68 in all carriers of the insertion. Furthermore, no statistical difference was found in the insertion variant allete frequency between controls and coronary artery disease patients. Our study indicates a microheterogeneity in the distribution of the 844ins68 in the Italian population.
- Anthropological DNA marker
- Cystathionine β-synthase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine