MicroRNA 155 modulates megakaryopoiesis at progenitor and precursor level by targeting Ets-1 and Meis1 transcription factors

Paolo Romania, Valentina Lulli, Elvira Pelosi, Mauro Biffoni, Cesare Peschle, Giovanna Marziali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) control basic biological functions and are emerging as key regulators of haematopoiesis. This study focused on the functional role of MIRN155 on megakaryocytic (MK) differentiation of human cord blood CD34 + haematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs). MIRN155, abundantly expressed in early HPCs, decreases sharply during MK differentiation. Functional studies showed that enforced expression of MIRN155 impairs proliferation and differentiation of MK cells. Furthermore, HPCs transfected with MIRN155 showed a significant reduction of their MK clonogenic capacity, suggesting that down-modulation of this miRNA favours MK progenitor differentiation. Consistent with this observation, MIRN155 down-regulates, by directly binding to their 3′-UTR, the expression of Ets-1 and Meis1, two transcription factors with well-known functions in MK cells. These results show that the decline of MIRN155 is required for MK proliferation and differentiation at progenitors and precursors level and indicate that sustained expression of MIRN155 inhibits megakaryopoiesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)570-580
Number of pages11
JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
Volume143
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2008

Keywords

  • Cord blood
  • Haematopoietic progenitor cells
  • Megakaryocytes
  • MicroRNAs
  • Transcription factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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