MicroRNA-17-92 cluster is a direct Nanog target and controls neural stem cell through Trp53inp1

Neha Garg, Agnese Po, Evelina Miele, Antonio Francesco Campese, Federica Begalli, Marianna Silvano, Paola Infante, Carlo Capalbo, Enrico De Smaele, Gianluca Canettieri, Lucia Di Marcotullio, Isabella Screpanti, Elisabetta Ferretti, Alberto Gulino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The transcription factor Nanog plays a critical role in the self-renewal of embryonic stem cells as well as in neural stem cells (NSCs). microRNAs (miRNAs) are also involved in stemness regulation. However, the miRNA network downstream of Nanog is still poorly understood. High-throughput screening of miRNA expression profiles in response to modulated levels of Nanog in postnatal NSCs identifies miR-17-92 cluster as a direct target of Nanog. Nanog controls miR-17-92 cluster by binding to the upstream regulatory region and maintaining high levels of transcription in NSCs, whereas Nanog/promoter association and cluster miRNAs expression are lost alongside differentiation. The two miR-17 family members of miR-17-92 cluster, namely miR-17 and miR-20a, target Trp53inp1, a downstream component of p53 pathway. To support a functional role, the presence of miR-17/20a or the loss of Trp53inp1 is required for the Nanog-induced enhancement of self-renewal of NSCs. We unveil an arm of the Nanog/p53 pathway, which regulates stemness in postnatal NSCs, wherein Nanog counteracts p53 signals through miR-17/20a-mediated repression of Trp53inp1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2819-2832
Number of pages14
JournalEMBO Journal
Volume32
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 30 2013

Keywords

  • microRNA
  • miR-17-92 cluster
  • Nanog
  • neural stem cells
  • Trp53inp1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)

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  • Cite this

    Garg, N., Po, A., Miele, E., Campese, A. F., Begalli, F., Silvano, M., Infante, P., Capalbo, C., De Smaele, E., Canettieri, G., Di Marcotullio, L., Screpanti, I., Ferretti, E., & Gulino, A. (2013). MicroRNA-17-92 cluster is a direct Nanog target and controls neural stem cell through Trp53inp1. EMBO Journal, 32(21), 2819-2832. https://doi.org/10.1038/emboj.2013.214