MicroRNAs as Key Effectors in the p53 Network

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The guardian of the genome p53 is embedded in a fine-spun network of MicroRNAs. p53 is able to activate or repress directly the transcription of MicroRNAs that are participating in the tumor-suppressive mission of p53. On the other hand, the expression of p53 is under tight control of MicroRNAs that are either targeting directly p53 or factors that are modifying its protein level or activity. Although the most important function of p53 is suggested to be transcriptional regulation, there are several nontranscriptional functions described. One of those regards the modulation of MicroRNA biogenesis. Wild-type p53 is increasing the maturation of selected MicroRNAs from the primary transcript to the precursor MiRNA by interacting with the Microprocessor complex. Furthermore, p53 is modulating the mRNA accessibility for certain MicroRNAs by association with the RISC complex and transcriptional regulation of RNA-binding proteins. In this way p53 is able to remodel the MiRNA–mRNA interaction network. As wild-type p53 is employing MicroRNAs to suppress cancer development, gain-of-function mutant p53 proteins use MicroRNAs to confer oncogenic properties like chemoresistance and the ability to drive metastasis. Like its wild-type counterpart mutant p53 is able to regulate MicroRNAs transcriptionally and posttranscriptionally. Mutant p53 affects the MiRNA processing at two cleavage steps through interfering with the Microprocessor complex and by downregulating Dicer and KSRP, a modulator of MiRNA biogenesis. Thus, MicroRNAs are essential components in the p53 pathway, contributing substantially to combat or enhance tumor development depending on the wild-type or mutant p53 context.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Review of Cell and Molecular Biology
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages51-90
Number of pages40
Volume333
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

Publication series

NameInternational Review of Cell and Molecular Biology
Volume333
ISSN (Print)1937-6448

Keywords

  • AGO
  • Gain of function
  • Metastasis
  • Microprocessor complex
  • MicroRNA
  • MicroRNA biogenesis
  • MicroRNA maturation
  • Mutant p53
  • p53
  • Transcriptional regulation
  • Tumor suppressor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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