MicroRNAs as possible biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of hepatitis b-and c-related-hepatocellularcarcinoma

Sirio Fiorino, Maria Letizia Bacchi-Reggiani, Michela Visani, Giorgia Acquaviva, Adele Fornelli, Michele Masetti, Andrea Tura, Fabio Grizzi, Matteo Zanello, Laura Mastrangelo, Raffaele Lombardi, Luca Di Tommaso, Arrigo Bondi, Sergio Sabbatani, Andrea Domanico, Carlo Fabbri, Paolo Leandri, Annalisa Pession, Elio Jovine, Dario De Biase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim of the present review is to summarize the current knowledge about the potential relationship between miRNAs and hepatitis B virus (HBV)-hepatitis C virus (HCV) related liver diseases. A systematic computerbased search of published articles, according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis Statement, was performed to identify relevant studies on usefulness of serum/plasma/urine miRNAs, as noninvasive biomarkers for early detection of HBV and HCV-induced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development, as well as for its prognostic evaluation. The used Medical Subject Headings terms and keywords were: "HBV", "HCV", "hepatocellular carcinoma", "microRNAs", "miRNAs", "diagnosis", "prognosis", "therapy", "treatment". Some serum/plasma miRNAs, including miR-21, miR-122, mi-125a/b, miR-199a/b, miR-221, miR-222, miR-223, miR-224 might serve as biomarkers for early diagnosis/prognosis of HCC, but, to date, not definitive results or well-defined panels of miRNAs have been obtained. More well-designed studies, focusing on populations of different geographical areas and involving larger series of patients, should be carried out to improve our knowledge on the potential role of miRNAs for HCC early detection and prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3907-3936
Number of pages30
JournalWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume22
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 21 2016

Keywords

  • Hepatitis B virus
  • Hepatitis C virus
  • Hepatocellular carcinomas
  • Liver diseases
  • MicroRNAs
  • Review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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