Mid-dermal elastolysis

A clinical, histologic, and immunohistochemical study of 11 patients

Ivonne Patroi, Giorgio Annessi, Giampiero Girolomoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Mid-dermal elastolysis is a rare entity defined by the selective loss of elastic tissue in the mid dermis. Many cases appear induced or aggravated by ultraviolet (UV) light exposure. Pathogenesis is still uncertain. Objective: Our purpose was to report on the clinical and histologic features of 11 patients with mid-dermal elastolysis. Moreover, we analyzed by immunohistochemistry leukocyte subsets and expression of metal-loproteinase (MMP) with the potential to degrade elastic tissue in 7 cases. Results: All patients were women with a mean age of 31.4 years. Disease duration ranged from 4 months to 17 years. Affected areas included the trunk, neck, and upper aspect of limbs. Two patients also had Hashimoto's thyroiditis and uterine carcinoma, respectively, whereas 1 patient had undergone silicone mammoplasty. In all patients, disease onset was associated with intense UV light exposure. Moderate leukocyte infiltration in the dermis was observed mostly in recent lesions and was composed of CD3+ T cells and some CD68+ macrophages with a normal number of factor XIIIa+ dermal dendritic cells. Elastin, but not fibrillin-1 immunoreactivity disappeared from the mid dermis. MMP-9 was detected in epidermal keratinocytes and in the cytoplasm of large, angulated, multinucleated cells located in lesional dermis. These cells were negative for leukocyte, dendritic cell, macrophage, and T-cell markers and were absent in old lesions. Staining for MMP-7 and MMP-12 did not differ from control skin. Conclusion: Onset of mid-dermal elastolysis appears strongly associated with UV exposure, which may induce fibroblast-like cells to express MMP-9 that in turn could be involved in the degradation of elastic fibers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)846-851
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume48
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2003

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Matrix Metalloproteinases
Dermis
Elastic Tissue
Skin
Leukocytes
Ultraviolet Rays
Macrophages
Factor XIIIa
T-Lymphocytes
Hashimoto Disease
Langerhans Cells
Mammaplasty
Elastin
Silicones
Keratinocytes
Upper Extremity
Dendritic Cells
Cytoplasm
Neck
Fibroblasts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

Cite this

Mid-dermal elastolysis : A clinical, histologic, and immunohistochemical study of 11 patients. / Patroi, Ivonne; Annessi, Giorgio; Girolomoni, Giampiero.

In: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, Vol. 48, No. 6, 01.06.2003, p. 846-851.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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