Middle ear problems in children hospitalised because of lower respiratory tract infections: A comparison between two cohorts in Burundi and Italy

Elena Baggi, Margherita Semino, Sonia Bianchini, Miriam Fattizzo, Chiara Rosazza, Susanna Esposito, Paola Marchisio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To compare the prevalence of acute otitis media (AOM) and otitis media with effusion (OME) in children hospitalized for acute lower respiratory infections (LRTIs) in Burundi and Italy. Methods: The study, which was conducted from 1 February to 30 April 2011 at the hospital of Kiremba (Burundi, Africa) and at Paediatric Clinic 1 of the University of Milan (Italy), enrolled patients aged 24 months (p <0.001). There was no difference in the proportion of children with OME in Burundi (68.5%) and Italy (63.9%; p=. 0.47). OME was significantly more frequent in the children with pneumonia admitted in Burundi than in the children with pneumonia admitted in Italy (p = 0.004). Conclusions: In children hospitalized for lower respiratory tract infection, OME is almost as frequently seen in developing countries like Burundi, Africa, as in developed countries like Italy. Follow-up monitoring of these children might be required to assess if OME is just a transient phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1984-1986
Number of pages3
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Volume77
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

Keywords

  • Acute otitis media
  • Children
  • Developing countries
  • Lower respiratory tract infections
  • Middle ear diseases
  • Otitis media with effusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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