Migraine with aura with onset in childhood and adolescence: Long-term natural history and prognostic factors

C. Termine, M. Ferri, G. Livetti, E. Beghi, S. Salini, A. Mongelli, R. Blangiardo, C. Luoni, G. Lanzi, U. Balottin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The long-term course of migraine with aura (MA) has been poorly explored. The present 11-year follow-up study assessed the long-term natural history and possible prognostic factors of MA with onset in childhood or adolescence. Patients were recruited from the original case records of our department, which are specifically designed to report all headache characteristics, aura symptoms and electroencephalogram (EEG) findings. A total of 77 patients (47 females; 30 males) whose records contained detailed descriptions of both headache and aura symptoms apparently meeting the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD)-II criteria for MA (i.e., 1.2.1, 1.2.2, 1.2.6) underwent structured face-to-face follow-up headache interviews, all of which were conducted by the same neurologist, who has particular expertise in this field. A multivariate model (logistic regression analysis) was used to investigate the association between possible prognostic factors and the remission of both aura and headache at follow-up. The results of our study showed that 23.4% of the MA patients were headache-free at follow-up, 44.1% still had MA and 32.5% had a transformed headache diagnosis (i.e., fulfilling the criteria for ICHD-II 1.1. or 2). Patients with basilar-type migraine (1.2.6) showed the highest headache remission rate (38.5%). Our study seems to show that migraine with typical aura (1.2.1-1.2.2) is associated with a favourable evolution of aura symptoms over time (remission of aura in 54.1% of patients). Subjects experiencing only visual aura had a lower remission rate compared with those with visual ± sensory ± aphasic aura symptoms (36.8% vs. 61.5%, p = 0.054). A short headache duration (

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)674-681
Number of pages8
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010


  • Aura
  • Follow-up
  • Migraine
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology


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