Migrants and imported disease: Trends of admission in an Italian infectious disease ward during the migration crisis of 2015-2017

F. Del Puente, N. Riccardi, L. Taramasso, G. Sarteschi, R. Pincino, A. Di Biagio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Since 2014, the migrant population residing in Europe has dramatically increased. Migrants' unmet health needs represent a barrier to integration and should be promptly addressed, without stigma, in order to favour resettlement.|All-cause of admissions in the migrant population at the Infectious Disease Clinic of Policlinico San Martino Hospital in Genoa between 2015 and 2017 were analysed. Patients were classified by duration of residence in Italy according to the Recommendation on Statistics of International Migration, cause of hospitalization, and region of origin. All data were evaluated with SPSS Statistics.|Two hundred thirty-five people were admitted, 86 (36.5%) of them residing in Italy for less than 1 year. Except for a significant increase in migrants from Africa, there was no change considering the area of origin, hospitalization reason or by comparing residency in Italy for more or less than 1 year. A considerable number of hospitalizations were related to non-communicable pathologies and latent tuberculosis infection. Residents in Italy for less than 1 year or with active tuberculosis had prolonged hospitalizations, while HIV-infected had shorter hospital stays.|No difference in terms of diagnosis were found between migrants with longer or shorter period of residence in Italy. Adequate outpatient services for the management of communicable diseases could significantly reduce the length of hospitalizations in the migrant population.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 20 2020

Keywords

  • Adolescent Adult Africa Aged Communicable Diseases Communicable Diseases, Imported Emigration and Immigration Ethnic Groups Europe Female HIV Infections Hospitalization Hospitals Humans Italy Length of Stay Male Middle Aged Prevalence Transients and Migrants Tuberculosis Young Adult Hospital admission Italy LTBI Migrants

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