Mild brain injury and anticoagulants: Less is enough

Laura Campiglio, Francesca Bianchi, Claudio Cattalini, Daniela Belvedere, Chiara Emilia Rosci, Chiara Livia Casellato, Manuela Secchi, Maria Cristina Saetti, Elena Baratelli, Alessandro Innocenti, Ilaria Cova, Chiara Gambini, Luca Romano, Gaia Oggioni, Rossella Pagani, Marco Gardinali, Alberto Priori

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Abstract

Background: Despite the higher theoretical risk of traumatic intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in anticoagulated patients with mild head injury, the value of sequential head CT scans to identify bleeding remains controversial. This study evaluated the utility of 2 sequential CT scans at a 48-hour interval (CT1 and CT2) in patients with mild head trauma (Glasgow Coma Scale 13-15) taking oral anticoagulants. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the clinical records of all patients on chronic anticoagulation treatment admitted to the emergency department for mild head injury. Results: A total of 344 patients were included, and 337 (97.9%) had a negative CT1. CT2 was performed on 284 of the 337 patients with a negative CT1 and was positive in 4 patients (1.4%), but none of the patients developed concomitant neurologic worsening or required neurosurgery. Conclusions: Systematic routine use of a second CT scan in mild head trauma in patients taking anticoagulants is expensive and clinically unnecessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)296-305
Number of pages10
JournalNeurology: Clinical Practice
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2017

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Campiglio, L., Bianchi, F., Cattalini, C., Belvedere, D., Rosci, C. E., Casellato, C. L., Secchi, M., Saetti, M. C., Baratelli, E., Innocenti, A., Cova, I., Gambini, C., Romano, L., Oggioni, G., Pagani, R., Gardinali, M., & Priori, A. (2017). Mild brain injury and anticoagulants: Less is enough. Neurology: Clinical Practice, 7(4), 296-305. https://doi.org/10.1212/CPJ.0000000000000375