Mild cognitive impairment: Clinical features and review of screening instruments

S. Galluzzi, L. Cimaschi, L. Ferrucci, G. B. Frisoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Clinical criteria to recognize subjects with cognitive impairment in the pre-dementia stage are becoming available. These are frail subjects, at risk of adverse outcomes, such as death, institutionalization, and functional and cognitive deterioration. Early identification of these subjects has a great importance in order to start rehabilitative or pharmacological interventions that could slow the progression of cognitive impairment, and the onset of disability. In this regard, cognitive screening tests might be helpful in different clinical settings (general practice, acute care, rehabilitation, and nursing home). We described the most frequent clinical presentations of cognitive impairment in the pre-dementia stage, and review eleven screening tests to provide recommendations on which should be preferred in each setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-202
Number of pages20
JournalAging clinical and experimental research
Volume13
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Cognitive screening tests
  • Dementia
  • Frailty
  • Mild cognitive impairment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing

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