Mild cognitive impairment: Structural, metabolical, and neurophysiological evidence of a novel EEG biomarker

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Abstract

Background: Recent studies demonstrate that the alpha3/alpha2 power ratio correlates with cortical atrophy, regional hypoperfusion, and memory impairment in subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Methods: Evidences were reviewed in subjects with MCI, who underwent EEG recording, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, and memory evaluation. Alpha3/alpha2 power ratio (alpha2 8.9-10.9Hz range; alpha3 10.9-12.9Hz range), cortical thickness, linear EEG coherence, and memory impairment have been evaluated in a large group of 74 patients. A subset of 27 subjects within the same group also underwent single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) evaluation. Results: In MCI subjects with higher EEG upper/low alpha power ratio, a greater temporo-parietal and hippocampal atrophy was found as well as a decrease in regional blood perfusion and memory impairment. In this group, an increase of theta oscillations is associated with a greater interhemispheric coupling between temporal areas. Conclusion: The increase of alpha3/alpha2 power ratio is a promising novel biomarker in identifying MCI subjects at risk for Alzheimer's disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number152
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
Volume6
Issue numberJUL
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Coherence
  • EEG
  • Memory
  • MRI
  • SPECT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

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